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Becoming an Anti-imperialist, 1887–1898

P. J. Cain

in Hobson and Imperialism: Radicalism, New Liberalism, and Finance 1887-1938

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203902
eISBN:
9780191719141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203902.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shows that Hobson's conversion into a radical critic of imperialism and of imperial expansion was even more prolonged than his transformation into a New Liberal. It also shows how his ... More


From Complement to Conflict: Trade Taxes, 1914–1938

Leigh A. Gardner

in Taxing Colonial Africa: The Political Economy of British Imperialism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661527
eISBN:
9780191744877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661527.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History, British and Irish Modern History

From World War One to the Great Depression, the global economic crises of 1914–38 were also crises for colonial administrations in Africa. By 1914 colonial economies were becoming dependent on the ... More


Erhard and the Realization of the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights Ludwig Erhard's initiatives in the realization of the social market economy in West Germany. Even during the Korean crisis, Erhard pressed ahead with his support for the most ... More


The New Trade Regime

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the government's trade policy in response to the financial crisis. As Greece began to feel the effects of the crisis, it became obvious that more direct state intervention in ... More


The Mistress of the Sound: Denmark and Europe, 1513–1596

Paul Douglas Lockhart

in Denmark, 1513–1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance Monarchy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271214
eISBN:
9780191709616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271214.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses Denmark's increased international significance during the Reformation. Topics covered include military resources, trade and foreign policy, rivalry between Denmark and Sweden, ... More


The Open Economy

Roderick Floud

in The People and the British Economy, 1830–1914

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892102
eISBN:
9780191670602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892102.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter begins with a discussion of how trade policy was a central feature of the theoretical and practical debates which make up what is known as ‘political economy’. It then considers the ... More


Introduction

April Merleaux

in Sugar and Civilization: American Empire and the Cultural Politics of Sweetness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622514
eISBN:
9781469622538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622514.003.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This book chronicles the rise of a sugar empire in the United States from the Spanish American War through the New Deal of the 1930s. It considers how changing patterns of migration shaped new ... More


Liberal Economics in Crisis: The Weimar Period

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides an account of liberal economics in Germany during the Weimar period. It presents a history of the economic activity of Germany from the late 15th and 16th century to the present ... More


Crisis and Restabilization, 1931–1937

Scott Newton

in Profits of Peace: The Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202127
eISBN:
9780191675164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The struggle to keep Britain on the gold standard was abandoned in September 1931. The departure from gold facilitated a number of initiatives in economic policy which would have been unthinkable at ... More


Fiscal and Monetary Systems

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074175
eISBN:
9780199082148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0010
Subject:
History, Indian History

According to Indian nationalists, the British colonizers pursued fiscal and monetary policies that benefited Britain and British enterprise, but refused to adopt policies favourable to India and ... More


Introduction

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the series of decisions that were made in the year 1684 which proved momentous in the history of Chinese foreign trade. First, the maritime trade ban ... More


Limited War and the Search for a Compromise Peace, September 1939–May 1940

Scott Newton

in Profits of Peace: The Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202127
eISBN:
9780191675164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The outbreak of war was followed by a flurry of activity on the part of the government. For several months the civil service had been preparing plans for the establishment of a wartime ... More


Enriching the State by Cherishing Private Trade: The Kangxi Emperor and the 1684 Open Trade Policy

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes how the Kangxi emperor arrived at his decision to encourage private overseas trade. In dealing with the issue of overseas trade, Kangxi supported the pursuit of profit and made ... More


Western Merchants, Local Interests, and Christian Penetration: A New Interpretation of the Canton System

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter argues that it is wrong to treat the Canton system as proof that China's rulers wished to cut the country off from the outside world; the policy grew out of concerns about Christian ... More


The Farms Race Begins

Shane Hamilton

in Supermarket USA: Food and Power in the Cold War Farms Race

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300232691
eISBN:
9780300240849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300232691.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains the conceptual outlines and historical roots of the Cold War Farms Race. Openly violent notions of the anticommunist power of American agriculture and food distribution emerged, ... More


Ambassadors of Foreign Policy, 1945–1950

D. Clayton Brown

in King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737981
eISBN:
9781604737998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes efforts to restore the cotton industry’s foreign markets. Topics covered include the role of the American Cotton Shippers Association; the first cotton man in Europe, Robert ... More


A Naval Compromise, 1830-1842

Mark C. Hunter

in Policing the Seas: Anglo-American Relations and the Equatorial Atlantic, 1819-1865

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973893465
eISBN:
9781786944580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973893465.003.0005
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter concerns the Anglo-American efforts to reach an agreement regarding their colonial activities on the West African coast. It discusses Lord Palmerston’s foreign policy in relation to the ... More


Redefining Free Trade to Modernize the South

John Majewski

in Modernizing a Slave Economy: The Economic Vision of the Confederate Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832516
eISBN:
9781469603278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882375_majewski.8
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on federal trade policy. Secessionists claimed that in the Union, tariffs, bounties, and other subsidies unjustly transferred hundreds of millions of dollars from southern ... More


Trade, Tax, and Production

Nancy Shields Kollmann

in The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199280513
eISBN:
9780191822803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280513.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores export and transit trade in the Russian empire through the seventeenth century. Trade arenas included: the White Sea, where from the 1550s naval goods (timber, tar, and rope) ... More


Industrial Growth in South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia, 1890–2010

Xavier Duran, Aldo Musacchio, and Gerardo della Paolera

in The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198753643
eISBN:
9780191815232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753643.003.0013
Subject:
History, Economic History, World Modern History

This chapter uses new time series data to examine the industrialization in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia since the early twentieth century. This allows the authors to uncover variation ... More


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