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The World Trading System and Development Concerns

Martin Khor

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with trade policy and the world trading system from a development perspective, and concludes with proposals for making the global trading system more development-oriented, ... More


Development, the movement of persons and labour law*: Reasonable labour market access and its decent work complement

Adelle Blackett

in The Role of Labour Standards in Development: From theory to sustainable practice?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264911
eISBN:
9780191754098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264911.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that rethinking the boundaries of labour law must include considering a broad range of public policy measures that not only intersect with labour law, but shape it. In particular, ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Distribution in Malaysia

Matias Vernengo

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the growth and distributional impacts of Malaysia's policy of maintaining open current and capital accounts. Malaysia's external liberalization policy initiatives are described. ... More


Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Giovanni Andrea Cornia (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on an extensive review of relevant literature and an econometric analysis of inequality indexes, this book provides the first systematic analysis of the changes in within‐country income ... More


 External Liberalization, Growth, and Distribution in China

Shantong Li

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effects of external liberalization on China's economic growth, employment, and income distribution. The sections are organized as follows. Section 1 describes China's macro ... More


International Dimensions

Romeo Bautista and Gwendolyn Tecson

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is an interpretive essay examining the related influences of foreign trade and trade policy on income growth and distribution in the Philippines based on existing studies and findings. ... More


Economic Liberalization and Constraints to Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

K. S. Jomo and Rudiger von Arnim

in Good Growth and Governance in Africa: Rethinking Development Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698561
eISBN:
9780191738142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698561.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper critically reviews the impact of globalization on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since the early 1980s. The large gains expected from opening up to international economic forces have, to date, ... More


Trade Policy in South Africa

Lawrence Edwards, Rashad Cassim, and Dirk van Seventer

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter evaluates South Africa's trade policy under democracy, and critically reviews the burgeoning empirical studies of the effects of trade reform on trade flows, growth, employment, poverty, ... More


Institutional Friction in the Doha Development Round

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Although the WTO continued what the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has started, WTO differed from GATT in the following features: the single undertaking in negotiated multilateral ... More


The Problem and the Institutional Framework

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Unlike the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which served as a “provisional agreement”, had no fixed set of members, and was not recognized as a bona fide international organization, the ... More


International Trade, Food Security, and the Response to the WTO in South Asian Countries

Ramesh Chand

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Implementation of various provisions of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture causes serious concern with regard to the performance of the agriculture sector and food security, and South Asian countries ... More


Negotiating Forum

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An analysis is made of the role of the WTO (World Trade Organization) as a forum for negotiations. Special attention is given to the concept of reciprocity, since this is a central element of ... More


Conclusion: The Gains from Trade and the Global Commons

Kent Jones

in Who's Afraid of the WTO?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195166163
eISBN:
9780199849819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166163.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concludes by summarizing the case for a focused WTO dedicated to trade liberalization, with recommendations for improving the world trading system and rejuvenating the political coalition ... More


Consequences for the International Trading System

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Examines the systemic effects of RTAs on the global economy. Discusses why RTAs tend to proliferate as well as why the multilateral trading system's basis in non‐discriminatory trade policies is ... More


Why PTAs Are a Pox on the World Trading System

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The worries over preferential trade agreements (PTAs) have increased dramatically in the past two decades as PTAs have proliferated. This chapter discusses the consequences of complexity of the ... More


Industrial Tariffs, International Trade, and Development

Yılmaz Akyüz

in Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235261
eISBN:
9780191715617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the appropriate structure and evolution of tariffs in the course of industrial development. It argues that rapid liberalization and harmonization of industrial tariffs across ... More


The ASEAN Free Trade Agreement: Impact on Trade Flows and External Trade Barriers

Hector Calvo-Pardo, Caroline Freund, and Emanuel Ornelas

in Costs and Benefits of Economic Integration in Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753987
eISBN:
9780199896783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753987.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using detailed data on trade and tariffs from 1992–2007, the chapter examines how the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Free Trade Agreement has affected trade with nonmembers and ... More


Trade Liberalization, Employment Flows, and Wage Inequality in Brazil

Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Phillippe G. Leite, and Matthew Wai‐Poi

in The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584758
eISBN:
9780191594533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Using nationally representative, economy‐wide data, this chapter investigates the relative importance of trade‐mandated effects on industry wage premiums; industry and economy‐wide skill premiums; ... More


Why Has the Pandemic Broken Out?

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

It is important to first understand that few lay people and policy makers can appreciate the critical difference between preferential trade agreements (PTAs) and genuine multilateral, ... More


Competing in Capabilities: The Globalization Process

John Sutton

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199274536
eISBN:
9780191746123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274536.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book offers a new perspective on the economics of globalization, based on the concepts of firms' capabilities as the immediate cause of countries' wealth. It presents new ways of looking at the ... More


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