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Introduction

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The introduction starts by describing the centuries-old debate about whether our definition of a human—called an anthropology—leads to particular ways of treating each other. The dominant ... More


Anthropologies and Human Rights in the Academic Debate

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter describes the academic claims in the debate about anthropologies and human rights. It starts with a detailed description of the general mechanism that scholars claim links belief in an ... More


The General Public, Academic Anthropologies, and Human Rights

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter tests the claims of academics concerning the relationship between anthropology and human rights with a nationally representative public opinion poll, and finds that they are ... More


The Public’s Biological Anthropologies: DNA and Analogies to Existing Humans

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter begins by first describing a group of biology PhD students whose anthropologies fairly closely track the academic biological anthropology. Given that there are few humanities PhD ... More


The Public’s Philosophical Anthropologies: Autonomous and Social Traits

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Almost everyone uses traits in their anthropologies. There are two families of traits used by the public, which are labeled “autonomous” and “social.” Autonomous traits, such as consciousness and the ... More


The Public’s Theological Anthropologies: The Image of God and the Soul

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter shows that only conservative Protestants use theological anthropologies, suggesting that only those religious institutions propagate these ideas. Examination of interviews with the ... More


The Public’s Socially Conferred Anthropologies: Humans Making Humans Human

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The socially conferred anthropology does not exist in the academic debates. Instead, it emerged, among the PhD students, and especially the humanities PhD students, as a prevalent way of defining a ... More


Conclusion: Reassessing the Academic Debate about Anthropologies

John H. Evans

in What Is a Human?: What the Answers Mean for Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190608071
eISBN:
9780190608101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter begins by assessing on their own terms the claims of the critics who, in general, are correct. The academic biological and philosophical anthropologies are associated with less support ... More


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