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Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Amos Funkenstein

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is a pioneering work of intellectual history that transformed our understanding of the relationship between Christian theology and the development of science. The author explores the ... More


Introduction

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses how the Catholic response to the secularization of the divine seldom restored the fine medieval balance between philosophy and theology. On the contrary, whenever ... More


God’s Omnipresence, God’s Body, and Four Ideals of Science

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how medieval theology, in most of its varieties, viewed with intense suspicion any doctrine that took God’s presence in the world too literally. So much was this true that not ... More


Divine Omnipotence and Laws of Nature

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how eternal truths are created in a radical sense of the word; even mathematical theorems are contingent upon God’s will. What the most radical defenders of divine omnipotence ... More


The Spanish Disquiet: The Biblical Natural Philosophy of Benito Arias Montano

María M. Portuondo

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592268
eISBN:
9780226609096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226609096.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Benito Arias Montano (c. 1525-1598) early modern Spain’s premier Christian Hebraist was an eloquent and influential advocate of natural philosophical reform, yet the works in which he discussed these ... More


Theologies of Nature

Marwa Elshakry

in Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226001302
eISBN:
9780226001449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001449.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Perhaps another feature of the backlash against evolutionary materialism was the rise of a contemporary natural theological discourse in Arabic, which forms the focus of this chapter. Examining the ... More


Introduction

María M. Portuondo

in The Spanish Disquiet: The Biblical Natural Philosophy of Benito Arias Montano

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592268
eISBN:
9780226609096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226609096.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The introduction situates the main themes of the book within the broader narrative of the history of early modern science, and more specifically, of natural philosophy during the sixteenth century. ... More


The Spanish Disquiet

María M. Portuondo

in The Spanish Disquiet: The Biblical Natural Philosophy of Benito Arias Montano

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592268
eISBN:
9780226609096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226609096.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The focus of the chapter is on the response by sixteenth-century natural philosophers in Spain to the problems arising from the perceived tension between natural philosophy and empirical study of ... More


Fragments of Design

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how William Buckland and other gentlemanly proponents of natural theology at Oxford and Cambridge appropriated the law of correlation as an irrefutable proof of divine design, ... More


Religious Lives

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter describes Maxwell’s and Huxley’s backgrounds, particularly the formation of their views on and experience with religion. It shows the variety of “religion” present in the ... More


Darwin in Translation

Marwa Elshakry

in Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226001302
eISBN:
9780226001449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001449.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Despite the extensive discussion of Darwin in the Arabic press since at least the early 1870s, his Origin of Species was not translated until well into the twentieth century. This chapter examines ... More


Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy

Mario Biagioli

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226045610
eISBN:
9780226045634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226045634.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In six short years, Galileo Galilei went from being a somewhat obscure mathematics professor running a student boarding house in Padua to a star in the court of Florence to the recipient of dangerous ... More


Personal Knowledge Argument, Audiences, and Sociological Engagement

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Michael Polanyi's incentive for the publication of his Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy of Science, which was an invitation to give a set of Gifford ... More


From Brass Instruments to Textual Supplements

in Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226045610
eISBN:
9780226045634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226045634.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book proposes radical new interpretations of several key episodes of Galileo's career, including his early telescopic discoveries of 1610, the dispute over sunspots, and the conflict with the ... More


The Supplemental Economy of Galileo's Book of Nature

in Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226045610
eISBN:
9780226045634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226045634.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Although the understanding of nature remained exceedingly complex and laborious, it was not a hermeneutical process. Since the late medieval period, nature had been represented as a book which, like ... More


Medicine as a Calling

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the development of Herman Boerhaave's basic approach to medicine and chemistry by reviewing his education as a student at the University of Leiden and then his early program ... More


Nature, Gods, and Governance

in What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471143
eISBN:
9780226471150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter selects Cicero as the starting point, arguing that the engagement with nature in his thinking is very closely related to his concerns in politics and law. It discusses how the Roman ... More


Law in Nature, Nature in Law

in What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471143
eISBN:
9780226471150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores more closely at the question of the relationships between law and nature in antiquity, arguing that in fact a strong distinction between the two is far from universal, and that ... More


The Showmen of Science Wood, Pepper, and Visual Spectacle

in Victorian Popularizers of Science: Designing Nature for New Audiences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226481180
eISBN:
9780226481173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481173.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the works of John George Wood and John Henry Pepper, considered as showmen popularizers of science in Victorian England, both of whom took advantage of the pictorial turn in ... More


Introduction

Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Science was once the antithesis of ideology, enjoying a secure position and enshrined as the very “norm of truth.” Until well into the twentieth century there was no attempt from either the ... More


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