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The SPD and the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the political structure as well as political developments, and economic policies of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). The Social Democrats reconsidered the fundamental ... More


Erhard and the Realization of the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights Ludwig Erhard's initiatives in the realization of the social market economy in West Germany. Even during the Korean crisis, Erhard pressed ahead with his support for the most ... More


Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

A. J. Nicholls

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book goes behind the success story of the Federal Republic of Germany since the Second World War to examine the principles underpinning the so-called ‘economic miracle’. West Germany's Economics ... More


Erhard and the Korean Crisis

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the challenges faced by Erhard and the obstacles to his economic policies, due to the Korean crisis. During the period before the Korean war, Erhard persistently continued his ... More


The SPD and the Struggle for Reform

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes an account of the issues faced by the SPD in implementing economic reforms in the early 1950s. Reformers within the party were trying to reassess the fundamental values upon which ... More


Conclusion: The Social Market Economy in Retrospect

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a conclusion regarding various aspects and theories of social market economy implemented in West Germany after the Great Depression. Income generated by the market was not ... More


Neo-liberalism in the Immediate Post-war Period

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes an account of the efforts to establish neo-liberalism in post-war Germany. Businessmen set up a branch of the old German Democratic Party in Munster and contacted Miiller-Armack to ... More


Erhard and the CDU

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Erhard's economic policies as economic director of the Bizone and his alliance with the CDU. Erhard considered that a party like the CDU would obviously give the freedom and ... More


Introduction

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book discusses the concept of social market economy, ‘socialism with a human face’, a form of liberalized collectivism. It cites examples from former Communist countries, specifically, the case ... More


Ludwig Erhard and the Origins of the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Ludwig Edward's contribution to the origin of the social market economy. Erhard was not in favour of the social aspects of the new economic liberalism, but liked the ... More


India, 1818–1860: The Two Faces of Colonialism

D. A. Washbrook

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205654
eISBN:
9780191676734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205654.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

India was subjected to a battery of changes aimed at drawing it more closely under the authority of Britain and converting its culture and institutions to Western and Anglicist norms and forms. Its ... More


Competition Policy: From Centrality to Muddling Through?

Martin Lodge

in Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262955
eISBN:
9780191734465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262955.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Competition policy has been said to lie at the heart of the German social market economy and to have been a key influence on the EC competition regime. This chapter assesses the impact of ... More


Presentations for the Public Eye: Exhibits and Exhibitors at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition

Julie K. Brown

in Health and Medicine on Display: International Expositions in the United States, 1876-1904

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026574
eISBN:
9780262258630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026574.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, held in St. Louis, Missouri, featured rich and extensive exhibits of social economy and health. Aside from exhibits found in the Education and Social Economy ... More


The Social Market Economy: Postwar Social Thought beyond Capitalism and Communism

Peter C. Caldwell

in Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State: Debating Social Order in Postwar West Germany, 1949-1989

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833819
eISBN:
9780191872198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833819.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The social market economy was a first key term used in the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany, firstly to describe how a market economy (i.e. capitalism) could contribute to social order, ... More


Christian Economics?

Noah Benezra Strote

in Lions and Lambs: Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300219050
eISBN:
9780300228045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219050.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores how German elites molded a bare majority to support a “Christian” policy to respond to the dire economic situation still facing the country, under the leadership of the first ... More


Fighting Poverty: Cuba’s Experience

Ángela Ferriol

in Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044231
eISBN:
9780813046464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044231.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

Ángela Ferriol notes that by the 1980s Cuba was so successful in fighting poverty that it was no longer a topic for study. But the 1990–93 economic disaster left many Cubans, in Ferriol’s words, with ... More


Creating a Better Life: The Human Dimension of the Cuban Economy

Rita Castiñeiras GarcÍa

in Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044231
eISBN:
9780813046464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044231.003.0005
Subject:
History, Economic History

Rita Castiñeiras outlines the direct impact of the economy on the quality and nature of Cubans’ lives. After general discussion of the difficulty of measuring well-being and a historical description ... More


Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State: Debating Social Order in Postwar West Germany, 1949-1989

Peter C. Caldwell

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833819
eISBN:
9780191872198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833819.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This book investigates political thought under the conditions of the postwar welfare state, focusing on the Federal Republic of Germany (1949–89). It argues that the welfare state informed and ... More


Introduction: Economy, Currency, and Value in the Viking Age

Jane Kershaw

in Silver, Butter, Cloth: Monetary and Social Economies in the Viking Age

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198827986
eISBN:
9780191866678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827986.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Economic History

The Introduction sets out the scope and aims of the book, and explains how it departs from earlier publications dealing with similar themes. It then discusses the four themes around which the ... More


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