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 Visual Mental Imagery: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Research

S. M. Kosslyn

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how visual mental imagery has progressed from a time of introspective analysis alone to the examination of the brain circuitry that underlies it. This sets ... More


Panics

Gordon W. Russell

in Aggression in the Sports World: A social psychological perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189599
eISBN:
9780199868445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Definitions of panics are introduced along with a series of early experimental investigations of the phenomenon. The chapter further distinguishes between escape and entry panics with additional ... More


Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Some Simulation Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter promotes quantitative simulation as an important accompaniment to theoretical and experimental methods in dynamical approaches to understanding the mind. A mathematical introduction is ... More


The simulation hypothesis of motor cognition

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter develops the concept of simulation as a potential explanation for unifying the various aspects of motor cognition. Simulation is used as the off-line rehearsal of neural networks ... More


Concluding remarks

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This concluding chapter presents a summary of this study on motor cognition, discussing what it is and is not. Among the findings are that the core of motor cognition is the concept of action ... More


Dörner's Psi agent implementation

Joscha Bach

in Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses implementations of Dörner's Psi agents. Topics covered include the island simulation, events and situations in the EmoRegul and island agents, the behavior cycle of the Psi ... More


The MicroPsi framework

Joscha Bach

in Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes an extensive neuro-symbolic toolkit for implementing and testing MicroPsi agents. Topics covered include components, node net editor and simulator, providing an environment for ... More


How Words Capture Visual Experience: The Perspective from Cognitive Neuroscience

David Kemmerer

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter demonstrates how recent discoveries in cognitive neuroscience can help illuminate the nature of word meaning. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section presents the basic ... More


Computer-Based Modeling, Assessment, and Coding of Implicit Motives

Virginia Blankenship

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the Atkinson and Birch (1970) dynamics of action theory and summarizes research based on computer simulations of achievement situations. Task-based measures, ... More


“Putting Blinkers on a Blind Man”: Providing Cognitive Support for Creative Processes with Environmental Cues

Bo T. Christensen and Christian D. Schunn

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Random cues may be both beneficial and harmful to creativity. Theories of analogical transfer and association assume that cues are helpful in generating new ideas. However, theories of ... More


Minding Norms: Mechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies

Rosaria Conte, Giulia Andrighetto, and Marco Campennl (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812677
eISBN:
9780199369553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

The book presents theoretical, methodological, and technical advances in the study of norms in societies of autonomous intelligent agents, based on a collaboration among social, computational, and ... More


The Tri-Process Model and Serial Associative Cognition

Keith E. Stanovich

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter fleshes out the full tri-process model (on autonomous, algorithmic, and reflective levels) of the mind. Fully decoupled cognitive simulation is distinguished from another type of Type 2 ... More


What Are Intentions?

Elisabeth Pacherie and Patrick Haggard

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter makes a distinction between prospective and immediate intentions. Many authors have insisted on a qualitative difference between these two regarding the type of content, with prospective ... More


Neuroimaging of True, False, and Imaginary Memories: Findings and Implications

Daniel L. Schacter, Jon Chamberlain, Brendan Gaesser, and Kathy D. Gerlach

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Episodic memory is prone to errors and distortions that can have important consequences for the law. This chapter considers research that has used functional neuroimaging techniques in an attempt to ... More


Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Moshe Bar (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

When one is immersed in the fascinating world of neuroscience findings, the brain might start to seem like a collection of “modules,” each specializes in a specific mental feat. But just like in ... More


Evolutionary robotics

Dylan Evans and Walter de Back

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Robotics has been heavily influenced by cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology, but evolutionary psychology, has not yet had such a big impact on the field. In this essay we describe how ... More


The Frontal Lobes and Mental State Attribution

R. Shayna Rosenbaum and Jennifer S. Rabin

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0035
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Inferring what other people are thinking or feeling appears effortless. It is becoming increasingly clear that this “theory of mind” (ToM) that humans possess engages separable cognitive and ... More


East and West: A Role for Culture in the Acquisition of Nouns and Verbs

Tracy A. Lavin, D. Geoffrey Hall, and Sandra R. Waxman

in Action Meets Word: How children learn verbs

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195170009
eISBN:
9780199893300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170009.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter presents a multifactor view of word learning, opting for a social explanation based in cultural factors. Using a modification of Gillette and Gleitman's human simulation paradigm, ... More


Language and simulation in conceptual processing

Lawrence W Barsalou, Ava Santos, W Kyle Simmons, and Christine D Wilson

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains that multiple systems represent knowledge. It focuses on two resources of knowledge, believed to have strong empirical support — linguistic forms in the brain's language ... More


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