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Forward Motion: Demographic Transition, 1971–2006

Jagadeesh Gokhale

in Social Security: A Fresh Look at Policy Alternatives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226300337
eISBN:
9780226300368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226300368.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter takes the simulation forward in time from 1970 through 2006. This is the “historical simulation.” Constructing the historical simulation involves the incorporation of annual “transition ... More


Peering into the Future

Jagadeesh Gokhale

in Social Security: A Fresh Look at Policy Alternatives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226300337
eISBN:
9780226300368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226300368.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes forward motion of Demographic and Economic Micro Simulation (DEMSIM) beyond 2006—the “projected simulation.” If the demographic and economic forces that drive the historical ... More


Option Value of Work, Health Status, and Retirement Decisions in Japan: Evidence from the Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR)

Satoshi Shimizutani, Takashi Oshio, and Mayu Fujii

in Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226262574
eISBN:
9780226262604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262604.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This study examines the factors that affect the retirement decisions of the middle-aged and elderly in Japan, focusing especially on their earnings, public pension benefits, and health status. Using ... More


Health, Financial Incentives, and Early Retirement: Microsimulation Evidence for Germany

Hendrik Jürges, Lars Thiel, Tabea Bucher-Koenen, Johannes Rausch, Morten Schuth, and Axel Börsch-Supan

in Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226262574
eISBN:
9780226262604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262604.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

About 20% of German workers retire on disability pensions. Disability pensions provide fairly generous benefits for those who are not already age-eligible for an old-age pension and who are deemed ... More


Social Security's Treatment of Postwar Americans: How Bad Can It Get?

Jagadeesh Gokhale

Laurence J. Kotlikoff (ed.)

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter utilizes an extensive simulation model to produce lifetime incomes of current and future employees, and evaluates the impacts of alternative reforms on the implicit rates of return that ... More


Notional Defined Contribution Pension Systems in a Stochastic Context: Design and Stability

Ronald Lee

Alan J. Auerbach (ed.)

in Social Security Policy in a Changing Environment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076485
eISBN:
9780226076508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076508.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores a new approach to Social Security reform that is known as “Notional Defined Contribution” or “Nonfinancial Defined Contribution” (NDC). This chapter uses a stochastic ... More


Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Martin Feldstein (ed.)

in Social Security Policy in a Changing Environment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076485
eISBN:
9780226076508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076508.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents a new market-based approach to reducing the risk of investment-based Social Security that could be tailored to individual risk preferences. With this new form of risk reduction, ... More


The shape of optimal income tax schedule: numerical simulations with income effects

Matti Tuomala

in Optimal Redistributive Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753414
eISBN:
9780191815058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753414.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Financial Economics

The special cases considered in Chapter 4 yield insights, but within the framework of the assumptions made. How robust are these insights? What happens when we move away from quasi-linearity? On the ... More


Prospects For Food Self-Sufficiency In Iran In 2025

Habibollah Salami, Toktam Mohtashami, and Mohamad Saeid Noori Naeini

in Food Security in the Middle East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199361786
eISBN:
9780190235697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Since the Islamic Revolution, Iran has sought food self-sufficiency as a major objective in its economic development. This chapter provides a review of the conditions for food self-sufficiency in ... More


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