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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


The Social-Liberal State

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The political values involved in liberalism, democracy, socialism have historically been in conflict, but there is no reason why we cannot see them as complementary. A purely market as well as a ... More


Knowledge, Beliefs, and Responsibility

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines three primary issues raised by some of the conditions that are often assumed to be necessary for attributions of responsibility: first, that persons are largely ignorant of the ... More


Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered. One reason for falling short is that social science methods have depended excessively on regression and other statistical approaches, ... More


Stratospheric Ozone and Its Protection: Introduction and Background

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

An introduction is given to the ozone layer issue, and the goals, context, and contributions of the book are described. The three main empirical arguments put forward in the book are summarised; ... More


The Search for Knowledge‐Based Resolution: Science and Scientific Assessment, 1976–1985

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The major lines of scientific debate, research progress, and controversy over stratospheric ozone depletion from the mid 1970s to the mid 1980s are examined. Begins with the initial qualitative ... More


Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

John O. McGinnis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Successful democracies throughout history have used the technology of their time to gather information for better governance. Our challenge is no different today, but it is more urgent because the ... More


Normative State Power in International Relations

Marjo Koivisto

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652792
eISBN:
9780191745270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652792.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

While the relationship between norms and the state is an omnipresent research theme in International Relations (IR), variants of international theory from classical liberalism to recent ... More


The Nuclear Revolution

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter starts with the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by nuclear weapons in 1945, to terminate World War II. It considers what people at the time thought about the significance of this, ... More


Technical Knowledge in Public Deliberation: Toward a Constructivist Theory of Contributory Expertise

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter turns to the difficult question of who should have the authority and legitimacy to speak about the technical dimensions of policy issues. Toward this end, the analysis engages the ... More


Introduction: Liberal World Order

Tim Dunne, Trine Flockhart, and Marjo Koivisto

in Liberal World Orders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265529
eISBN:
9780191760334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265529.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The current liberal order is fading and has failed to deliver on some of its most fundamental promises. Yet, rather than taking flight from liberal order, this book suggests that liberal orders in ... More


: Visions of Freedom: The Response to Totalitarianism

Noël O’Sullivan

in The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262948
eISBN:
9780191734762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262948.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter considers four of the most influential visions that characterized the response to totalitarianism, and in particular the various concepts of limit they provide, since those are the basis ... More


Eating Meat and Eating People

Cora Diamond

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter presents commentaries on Peter Singer's approach to animal rights. It contends that Singer's attack on ‘speciesism’ mischaracterises the moral issues at stake and contends that if people ... More


All Animals Are Not Equal: The Interface between Scientific Knowledge and Legislation for Animal Rights

Lesley J. Rogers and Gisela Kaplan

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the interface between scientific knowledge and legislation for animal rights. It reviews available and up-to-date scientific evidence for awareness of self, ... More


How Well Do Voters Behave?

Jason Brennan

in The Ethics of Voting

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154442
eISBN:
9781400842094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154442.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines some relevant social-scientific literature that suggests that voters and citizens are often ignorant, irrational, and systematically in error in their political beliefs. Though ... More


Representing Women's Health Interests

Ronnee Schreiber

in Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331813
eISBN:
9780199851829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331813.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates how the CWA and IWF articulate issues central to the conservative movement—abortion and scientific research and development—in terms of women's health. By showing how CWA ... More


Unhastening Science: Autonomy and Reflexivity in the Social theory of Knowledge

Dick Pels

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236382
eISBN:
9781846314322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314322
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book offers an account of what makes science special among other human pursuits, critically engaging with a variety of approaches, especially constructivist and relativist studies of science and ... More


Science and Society

Ramin Jahanbegloo

in India Revisited: Conversations on Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195689440
eISBN:
9780199080342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195689440.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In this interview, Surendra Prasad discusses the importance of science in the Indian society. He talks about India being the fountainhead of important foundational scientific developments and ... More


Science in Environmental Policy: The Politics of Objective Advice

Ann Campbell Keller

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013123
eISBN:
9780262258982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013123.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Scientists often bring issues to the policy agenda, translating scientific questions into everyday language and political terms. When Roger Revelle characterized the Earth as “a spaceship” in ... More


The Nature of Science

Sergei Bulgakov

in Philosophy of Economy: The World as Household

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300079906
eISBN:
9780300132854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300079906.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter discusses the following: the multiplicity of scientific knowledge; the economic nature of science; the sophic nature of science; epistemology and praxeology; science and life; the ... More


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