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VISUAL SEARCH

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with the process of finding a visual target amongst other distractor items. It starts with a discussion of traditional theories of visual search, including Feature ... More


Beyond Similarity

Sam Glucksberg

in Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195111095
eISBN:
9780199872107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111095.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the traditional pragmatic view that metaphors are understood as implicit comparisons, i.e., as similes. This position, as well as the salience imbalance proposal that ... More


On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Rachel Giora

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How do we learn to produce and comprehend non-literal language? Competing theories have only partially accounted for the variety of language comprehension evoked in metaphor, irony, and jokes. This ... More


Prologue

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains the objective of this book, which is to explore the effect of accessible meanings on speech production and comprehension. This book examines the influence of meaning of ... More


Salience and Context

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to point out some of the factors that make meanings unavoidable and to determine the role of salience in language comprehension and production. It explains that salience is not an ... More


Lexical Access

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the influence of lexical access on language comprehension and production and investigates how salience affects ambiguity resolution vis-a-vis contextual information. It explains ... More


Irony

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the interpretation of irony and its role in language comprehension and production. It evaluates various theories of irony and summarizes the predictions of these theories ... More


Jokes

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of jokes in language comprehension and production. It analyses the role of salience and the suppression assumption within the framework of the Graded Salience ... More


Evidence from Other Research

Rachel Giora

in On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the findings of other research concerning comprehension of literal and nonliteral language. The result suggests that language comprehension is best explained by the Graded ... More


Distinctiveness and Memory: Comments and a Point of View

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Reed Hunt remarked that whereas it seems intuitively obvious that distinctive events are well remembered simply because we pay more attention to them, this commonsense analysis may conceal more ... More


How our eyes question the world

Michael F. Land and Benjamin W. Tatler

in Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter raises the fundamental question of what drives eye movements. It reports the evidence for bottom-up (i.e. image-driven) and top-down (e.g., task-driven) control. It begins by asking ... More


Eye guidance and visual search

John M. Findlay and Iain D. Gilchrist

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an account of eye control during visual search. The primary mechanism for selection of the destination for each saccade involves the generation of an oculomotor salience map, in ... More


Meter and Rhythm: How We Hear Them

Mari Riess Jones

in Time Will Tell: A Theory of Dynamic Attending

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190618216
eISBN:
9780190618230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190618216.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

The primary goal of this chapter is to establish that meter and rhythm, usually treated as distinctly different structures in music, share similar origins in dynamic attending theory. Against a ... More


Your Body and Brain on Meditation

Paul Verhaeghen

in Presence: How Mindfulness and Meditation Shape Your Brain, Mind, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199395606
eISBN:
9780190674229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199395606.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first describes the effects of mindfulness on body, such as quieting of the body through slowing down and synchronization of heart rate and breathing rate. It next describes relevant ... More


Counterfactual Thinking 2

Raymond S. Nickerson

in Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Like the preceding chapter, chapter 8 deals with counterfactual thinking. It identifies several variables that play important roles in determining when counterfactual thinking will be done. It notes ... More


Conscious and Unconscious Emotion Traffic

Beatrice de Gelder

in Emotions and the Body

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780195374346
eISBN:
9780190265441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374346.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the prominence of the amygdala in discussions of affective perception and looks at conscious and nonconscious emotion perception. Studies with clinical patients indicate that ... More


Attention-Generated Apparent Motion

Zhong-Lin Lu and George Sperling

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter explores attention-generated apparent motion. A flickering display can seem to appear to move in opposite directions depending on which feature the observer attends to in the display. ... More


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