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Amnesty International: The NGO That Made Human Rights Important

Wendy H. Wong

in Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on Amnesty International, the classic case of an NGO which has a centralized system for proposal and enforcement powers and a decentralized system for implementation. Amnesty ... More


Introduction: Internal Affairs and External Influence

Wendy H. Wong

in Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter presents a text from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which allows states not to commit to a hard and fast legal apparatus in enforcing human rights. The ... More


Conclusion

Wendy H. Wong

in Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter shows that NGOs can make simple advocacies politically salient; in relation to this some NGO with politically salient advocacy can remain less influential among other NGOs. ... More


A Theory of Local-Level Responses to International Norm Promotion

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents the central theoretical framework for understanding local-level norm change in response to a conflict between international and local norms. It disaggregates individual norm ... More


Creating Local Awareness of International Norms

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapters 4 through 7 present empirical support for the theory, drawing on both qualitative interview data and original survey data. Chapter 4 focuses on awareness of international norms. It shows ... More


Fostering Local Attitude Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses attitude change in response to transnational activism against FGM and early marriage. It finds that individual attitude change is most likely to occur when the international ... More


Facilitating Local Primary Behavior Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the barriers to individual behavior change and the diffusion of behavior change through communities. It shows that because of the relatively low salience of the local norm ... More


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