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Chapter Chapter Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Patrick Purcell

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins by describing the aging of the US population and it summarizes historical data on older workers' labour force participation. It then considers information on older persons' ... More


The Risk of Social Security Benefit-Rule Changes: Some International Evidence

John McHale

in Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092553
eISBN:
9780226092560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092560.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Issues of risk are receiving a lot of attention in the debate over the relative merits of investment-based and pay-as-you-go social security systems. An important source of risk associated with these ... More


Micro-Modeling of Retirement in Belgium

Arnaud Dellis, Raphaël Desmet, Alain Jousten, and Sergio Perelman

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310183
eISBN:
9780226309989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309989.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The widespread use of various early retirement programs makes Belgium the country with the lowest average retirement age in the Western world, which is approximately fifty-seven years old for men. ... More


Divorce, Women's Earnings, and Retirement over the Life Course

Kenneth A. Couch, Christopher R. Tamborini, Gayle L. Reznik, and John W. R. Phillips

in Lifecycle Events and Their Consequences: Job Loss, Family Change, and Declines in Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785853
eISBN:
9780804786430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785853.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The authors of this chapter examine the impact of divorce and remarriage on labor supply and Social Security retirement benefits among women. The results show that women who divorce and never remarry ... More


Tax Benefits and Benefit Taxes

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues regarding the distribution and costs of Social Security benefits. Since the passage of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), much of the policy dialogue ... More


Argentina

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226392004
eISBN:
9780226392028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The old Argentinean social security system was in serious trouble before its reform. Besides the long-term problem of rising costs due to population aging, a deficit existed even in the short run ... More


Public Pensions: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues surrounding retirement plans for workers from the public sector. The retirement benefits of public-sector workers account for a disproportionately large share of the ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications of Reform

Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310176
eISBN:
9780226310008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310008.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The future of social security is troubled, both in the United States and in most other developed countries with aging populations. As improvements in health care and changes in life styles enable ... More


Some Good News … or Not

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues concerning employer-sponsored pension plans. By the late twentieth century, the employer-sponsored retirement system was becoming an increasingly larger slice of the ... More


How Did We Get Here?

Charles D. Ellis, Alicia H. Munnell, and Andrew D. Eschtruth

in Falling Short: The Coming Retirement Crisis and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190218898
eISBN:
9780190218928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218898.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the development of the current retirement system in the United States, which can be traced back to the nineteenth century with the emergence of the notion of retirement. It ... More


We’ve Killed the Goose, Let’s Gild the Eggs

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines concerns about what workers do with their participant-directed retirement savings plans. While recent restructuring has made defined contribution plans considerably more ... More


End Game: A Gold Watch, Pat on the Back, and More

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the policy debates over Social Security retirement benefits and concerns about the economic security of retirees. It first considers the extent of retirement income security ... More


Introduction

David A. Wise

in Labor Markets and Firm Benefit Policies in Japan and the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620947
eISBN:
9780226620954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620954.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This is the fourth in a series of Japan Center for Economic Research-National Bureau of Economic Research volumes dealing with population aging, economic systems, and economic behavior in the United ... More


Securing the Social Security Foundation

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines some of the thematic and component recommendations in existing proposals to strengthen the Social Security foundation, with particular emphasis on those that have been recently ... More


Remembering the Future

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks at the future prospects for the U.S. retirement system. Many people today credit President Franklin D. Roosevelt for the tremendous success that Social Security has wrought in ... More


ERISA: The Transition to a New Regulatory Regime

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks at the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), a piece of legislation that dramatically refocused federal oversight of employer-sponsored pension plans. The overall intent ... More


Asset Allocation and Risk Allocation: Can Social Security Improve Its Future Solvency Problem by Investing in Private Securities?

Thomas E. MaCurdy and John B. Shoven

in Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092553
eISBN:
9780226092560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092560.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Policy makers widely accept that social security faces a long-run solvency problem. The social security trustees publish a seventy-five-year forecast of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability ... More


Introduction

Charles D. Ellis, Alicia H. Munnell, and Andrew D. Eschtruth

in Falling Short: The Coming Retirement Crisis and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190218898
eISBN:
9780190218928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218898.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to draw attention to the impending retirement crisis in the United States. Increasing income needs, brought about by longer lifespans ... More


The Value of Transparency

Adrian Orr

in Sovereign Wealth Funds and Long-Term Investing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158633
eISBN:
9780231530286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158633.003.0060
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the New Zealand Superannuation Fund. The fund was created to reduce the tax burden on future taxpayers of the cost of the country's universal retirement benefit, the New ... More


Pension Security Bonds: A New Plan to Address the State Pension Crisis

Joshua Rauh and Robert Novy-Marx

in The Economists' Voice 2.0: The Financial Crisis, Health Care Reform, and More

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160155
eISBN:
9780231504324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160155.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter argues that the federal government should be concerned about state pension liabilities. In the absence of fundamental reform, some large state pension funds may not last through the ... More


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