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Papal Government

Miles Pattenden

in Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198797449
eISBN:
9780191838804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797449.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter explains the various ways by which the cardinals and others tried to circumvent the papal election or, at least, to blunt its effects. It traces the development of several characteristic ... More


Monopolist Entrepreneurs at the State’s Service

Rafael Torres Sánchez

in Military Entrepreneurs and the Spanish Contractor State in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198784111
eISBN:
9780191826702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784111.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Economic History

In Spain in the eighteenth century the state managed to ensure the victualling supply by granting entrepreneurs benefits such as commercial privileges and monopoly rights. This policy has been ... More


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