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The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

John H. Evans

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Seemingly every day society faces a new ethical challenge raised by a scientific innovation. Human genetic engineering, stem cell research, face transplantation, synthetic biology – all were science ... More


Conclusion

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter summarizes the response to the crisis by mainstream bioethicists, and then summarize my argument for the proper response to the crisis. In general, the bioethics profession needs to pay ... More


Why Journalism Is a Profession

Michael Davis

in Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195370805
eISBN:
9780199776610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370805.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that journalism is a profession, that our doubts about its status as a profession tell us more about a mistake we make when defining the concept of profession than about ... More


La Mettrie

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Julien Offray de la Mettrie, the most intensely medical and the most materialistic of all doctor-philosophers. The materialistic and unedifyingly hedonistic philosophy for ... More


The Emergence of Bioethical Debate and the Jurisdictional Struggle Between Science and Theology

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the origins of professional bioethical debate in the 1960s when scientists began to be concerned about the potential social implications of experiments in mind control, human ... More


The Theological Retreat and the Emergence of the Bioethics Profession

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Theologians and their allies raised the interest of the public, and eventually Congress, on these issues. Congress created two venues of decision-making, research bioethics and public policy ... More


The Rise of the Social-Movement Activists

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The methods used by the bioethics profession were designed in the 1970s, and they fit the interests of the government officials of that time. These officials changed in the 1980s with the rise of the ... More


A Modified Method for the Bioethics Profession

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860852
eISBN:
9780199932474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advocates for the creation of a modified method for the bioethics profession that will allow it to better defend its jurisdictions. The new method is a modified version of common ... More


The Responsibilities of Office

J. R. LUCAS

in Responsibility

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235781
eISBN:
9780191679117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235781.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the responsibility of officials, judges, and members of the professions. Professions have collective responsibilities not only to their clients and to the community at large, ... More


Rousseau and the Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar

Heinrich Meier

in On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life: Reflections on Rousseau's Rêveries in Two Books

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226074030
eISBN:
9780226074177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226074177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Jean-Jacques Rousseau's confrontation with the question of the right life, with faith's demand for obedience and the promises of religion, in Profession de foi du Vicaire ... More


Profession

John Kleinig

in On Loyalty and Loyalties: The Contours of a Problematic Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199371259
eISBN:
9780199371280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371259.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses different types of professional loyalties and reviews certain challenges to an account that construes such loyalties primarily as commitments to the profession’s defining ends ... More


The new rebels

Trinh T. Minh-ha

in Lovecidal: Walking with the Disappeared

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823271092
eISBN:
9780823271146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271092.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines not only the unrest in Tibet but also that among China's civil society. It explores social media as a platform for speaking out against the human rights abuses, as well as the ... More


Commentary: Altruism in the Service of the Market and the State, and the Ethics of Regulation

Amar Jesani

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0066
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When discussion of altruistic medicine is restricted to the behavior of vulnerable patients and individuals, the powerful stakeholders of the system are absolved of their obligation to altruism. ... More


Rousseau

Dorothea E. von Mücke

in The Practices of the Enlightenment: Aesthetics, By (author)ship, and the Public

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172462
eISBN:
9780231539333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172462.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter compares Jean-Jacques Rousseau's presentation of the “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar” in Émile with his Confessions. Rousseau's Confessions represents one of the most ... More


Introduction

Todd Hedrick

in Reconciliation and Reification: Freedom's Semblance and Actuality from Hegel to Contemporary Critical Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190634025
eISBN:
9780190634056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634025.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

Critical theorists have long grappled with the problem of conceptualizing an emancipatory interest that individuals have vis-à-vis society. In order to ground a critical perspective, it should be ... More


French Bioethics: The Rhetoric of Universality and the Ethics of Medical Responsibility

Kristina Orfali

in Bioethics Around the Globe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195386097
eISBN:
9780190267476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386097.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on French bioethics, which is considered to have a strong rhetoric of nationalization, self-appointed mission, and explicit opposition to the outside forces of US and Anglo-Saxon ... More


Conclusion: Toward a “Code of Ethics” for Cyber Warriors

George Lucas

in Ethics and Cyber Warfare: The Quest for Responsible Security in the Age of Digital Warfare

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190276522
eISBN:
9780190276553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276522.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Professions elucidate, inculcate, and practice specific virtues. Unlike those of military personnel and organizations generally, the virtues and the code of ethical principles informing the practice ... More


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