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Courtroom to Revolutionary Stage: Performance and Ideology in Weimar Political Trials

Henning Grunwald

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609048
eISBN:
9780191744280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609048.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

What role did the courts play in the demise of Germany's first democracy and Hitler's rise to power? This book challenges the orthodox interpretation of Weimar political justice. It argues that an ... More


The Body of Life

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Women were stereotyped by the Nazis as by ‘nature’ wives, housekeepers, and mothers. Nazi pro-natalism thus had a greater effect on women than on men. Women were also disproportionately affected by ... More


Police Stories: Building the French State, 1815-1851

John Merriman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195072532
eISBN:
9780199867790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072532.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the first half of the 19th century, France was still characterized by extraordinary regional and linguistic diversity. However, during this period the state increasingly became a central force in ... More


Doctors

Theodore Zeldin

in A History of French Passions: Volume 1: Ambition, Love, and Politics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221777
eISBN:
9780191678493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221777.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter emphasizes that the care a nation takes of its health always reveals a lot about its attitudes to life. In France, the medical profession is particularly interesting, for there is a ... More


The Ambitions of Ordinary Men

Theodore Zeldin

in A History of French Passions: Volume 1: Ambition, Love, and Politics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221777
eISBN:
9780191678493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221777.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter reveals the ambitions of ordinary people who never became very rich, who founded no dynasty or long-lasting company, and who lived in the middle and lower ranks of the business world. It ... More


Doctors

Alan Bullock and F. W. D. Deakin

in France 1848–1945

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221043
eISBN:
9780191678400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221043.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The care a nation takes of its health always reveals a lot about its attitudes to life. In France, the medical profession is particularly interesting, for there is a political dimension to its ... More


The Fracturing of Anglo-Jewry (1945–2000)

Todd M. Endelman

in The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227194
eISBN:
9780520935662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227194.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the fracturing of the Anglo-Jewry during the period from 1945 to 2000. It explains that after the war Jews were able to enter the professions and the new service industries ... More


Ethnicity and Civil Society: The Russian Legal Profession

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the role of Jewish lawyers within the legal profession itself. It argues that as the best educated, best organized, and most Westernized profession, lawyers offer an important ... More


The Judicial Reform and Jewish Citizenship

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the newly fashioned legal profession where its ideal of the rule of law serves as the final arena in which to observe the Russian-Jewish encounter. It notes that by the 1880s, ... More


Family, sex and marriage

Jennifer Mori

in The Culture of Diplomacy: Britain in Europe, c. 1750–1830

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719082726
eISBN:
9781781702703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719082726.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Marriage is a tool of career development in the modern British diplomatic service. It indicates emotional maturity on the part of the diplomat, and denotes his/her readiness for positions of higher ... More


Reflections

James Mark, Anna von der Goltz, and Anette Warring

in Europe's 1968: Voices of Revolt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199587513
eISBN:
9780191747557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587513.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This long chapter examines how interviewees across the continent made sense of their former radicalism as they became parents, took up careers, changed their politics and attempted to reinvigorate ... More


Education and Apprenticeship

David Frick

in Kith, Kin, and Neighbors: Communities and Confessions in Seventeenth-Century Wilno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451287
eISBN:
9780801467530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451287.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the religious, cultural, and occupational aspects of upbringing, broadly construed, in seventeenth-century Wilno. One of the terms for “upbringing” generally used at the time, ... More


Defense of the Corps: The Medical Mobilization against Foreigners and Naturalized Citizens

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the movement to protect the French medical profession against foreigners and naturalized citizens during the interwar period. It first considers the issue of overcrowding in the ... More


The Art of Medicine: Access and Status

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the French medical profession sought to protect itself against foreigners and naturalized citizens through distinction. In particular, it considers how physicians tried to ... More


The Barrier of the Law Bar

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the French legal profession sought to protect itself against foreigners and naturalized citizens by blocking them from membership in law bars. More specifically, it ... More


Citizens into Lawyers: Extra Assimilation Required

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how French lawyers used the issue of assimilation as part of their exclusionary sentiment against foreign lawyers. It considers how French lawyers masked their professional ... More


Lawyers during the Vichy Regime: Exclusion in the Law

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Vichy regime's National Revolution, which blamed communists, foreigners, Freemasons, and Jews for the collapse of the Third Republic following the German invasion in 1940. ... More


L’Ordre des Médecins: Corporatist Debut and Anti-Semitic Climax

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the institution of a corporatist structure in the French medical profession under the Vichy regime. Prior to 1940, the medical profession had no central authority to unify the ... More


Introduction: An Entangled History

Ann Taylor Allen

in The Transatlantic Kindergarten: Education and Women's Movements in Germany and the United States

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190274412
eISBN:
9780190274443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274412.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, European Modern History

The kindergarten—a new kind of early childhood education developed by the German philosopher Friedrich Fröbel—was at first rejected in Germany, the land of its birth, but found a much warmer ... More


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