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Conclusion

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.011
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. In late antiquity, practitioners of forensic rhetoric were trained in how to handle general legal principles and ... More


Staging Matters: Shakespeare, the Director, and the Theatre Historian: Shakespeare Lecture

ALAN C. DESSEN

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 139, 2005 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263945
eISBN:
9780191734038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263945.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the bases for the gap between Globe practitioners and the Shakespearean academic community and develops some implications. It attempts to recover a lost or blurred vocabulary ... More


Humid Humours: Children’s Bodies and Diseases

Hannah Newton

in The Sick Child in Early Modern England, 1580-1720

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650491
eISBN:
9780191741647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650491.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines early modern perceptions of children’s bodies, minds, and diseases, from the viewpoints of doctors and laypeople. It argues that, contrary to common historiographical opinion, ... More


Introduction and Background

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses forensic practitioners and the development of Roman Law from the late Republic to the late Empire. It describes the interaction of forensic practitioners in court under the ... More


Witch‐Finders, Witchdoctors, and Healers

Robin Briggs

in The Witches of Lorraine

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198225829
eISBN:
9780191708947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198225829.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the lives of individuals sometimes called ‘white witches’, men and women who formed part of a ragged and disorganized phenomenon which historians of early modern medicine now ... More


Production and Technology

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Technology involves a trinity of three distinct elements that we shall term ‘hardware’, ‘procedure’, and ‘personnel’. The first embraces the non-human physical objects involved, whether inanimate ... More


The General Practitioner and Professional Organizations

Michael Drury

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the professional organizations that represented general practitioners and how all of these organizations were opposed to the National Health Service Bill when it was introduced ... More


Home Deliveries and the General Practitioner

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the problems of American general practitioners who were providing home maternity services during the late 19th century to early 20th century. In the 1920s, specialist ... More


Professional Challenge

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The principal challenge faced by general practitioners in the past was an over-supply of regular, trained doctors in relation to effective demand for their services. This was worsened by the ... More


Women Practitioners

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on women general practitioners in the 19th century. The history of women in general practice is that of female practitioners operating in a semi-detached professional sphere. ... More


Medical Investigation and Treatment

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘There are no real standards for general practice. What the doctor does and how he does it, depends almost wholly on his own conscience’. This critical comment followed from an examination of GP's ... More


Patients

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores aspects of doctor–patient encounters including patient choices and expectations, the financial implications of the patient–doctor encounter, and the doctor's evolving patient ... More


Alienists, Neurologists, and Nerve-Doctors

Janet Oppenheim

in “Shattered Nerves”: Doctors, Patients, and Depression in Victorian England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057812
eISBN:
9780199854394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057812.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes the framework within which British psychiatry took shape during the 19th century, which shared the weaknesses of the medical profession as a whole, but few of the strengths. ... More


Public Duties and Private Lives

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the point of view of doctors within specific communities, this chapter explores the kinds of pressures that were indicated in an earlier discussion of the diversification of appointments which ... More


Generalists, Specialists, and Others

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Within a wider medical world, inter- and intra-professional disputes over medical terrain meant that the role of GPs, indeed their survival in a very competitive situation, became problematic. The ... More


The National Health Service

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the historical role that GPs played in shaping the National Health Service (NHS), and with the reception of the NHS by doctors and their patients. The creation of the NHS led ... More


‘What is Wrong’ and ‘How We Know It’: Changing Concepts of Illness in General Practice

Marshall Marinker

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the different changes in regards to understanding morbidity and human biology, the range and power of medicines, and the techniques of clinical investigation and surgery. It ... More


Some Aspects of Clinical Care in General Practice

Irvine Loudon and Mark Drury

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the ways clinical care in general practice has changed since the National Health Service started, as well as the factors that contributed to this change. Some of the factors ... More


General Practitioners and the Other Caring Professions

Margot Jefferys

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the changes that occurred during the first 50 years of the National Health Service that slowly transformed the orientation, occupational composition, and the typical size of ... More


London’s New Classrooms: London University and the Middlesex Hospital School

Carin Berkowitz

in Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226280394
eISBN:
9780226280424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226280424.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the founding of London University and the Middlesex Hospital School. London University was founded in 1827 in an attempt to educate London’s middle-class professionals and ... More


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