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Sentence Primacy

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter lays out five different ways of reading the context principle: methodological, metasemantic, pragmatic, semantic, and psychological. It notes several rationales for embracing the ... More


Introduction: The Appearances, and What They Might Mean

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces and explains the two key premises around which the book is built. Premise 1 says that speakers genuinely can utter ordinary words and phrases in isolation, and thereby perform ... More


Exceptive Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Exception phrases often consist of an exceptive marker and a noun phrase. Though these markers all have to do with making exceptions, they differ somewhat in their semantic properties. This chapter ... More


Propositionalism

Graeme Forbes

in Attitude Problems: An Essay On Linguistic Intensionality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199274949
eISBN:
9780191699801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274949.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The discussion of the previous chapter intimates that the central problem raised by intensional transitive verbs is that of accounting for notional readings of verb phrases (vp's) they head, in ... More


Some Logical Properties of Natural Language Quantifiers

Edward L. Keenan

in The Philosophy of David Kaplan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367881
eISBN:
9780199867585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367881.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the local and global properties of English quantifiers. The local properties of English quantifiers include the noun property, the three semantic classes of determiners (Dets), ... More


Scope and Complex Noun Phrases

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I analyse scope relations between indefinite descriptions, universal noun phrases, and negation. A unified compositional account of any is offered. Relative clause modification, as in Every dog that ... More


Proto-Referring Acts and Proper Names

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I first outline the general theory of proto-referring acts, which is the basis for a unified semantics of noun phrases. I then concentrate on proper names, utilising referential trees, to provide a ... More


Unifying Noun Phrases

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I outline a unified treatment of descriptive noun phrases: definite, indefinite, universal noun phrases, quantitative phrases like most Fs, phrases featuring any, and noun phrases in the scope of ... More


Syntactic Structure

Robert Fiengo

in Asking Questions: Using meaningful structures to imply ignorance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208418
eISBN:
9780191695735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208418.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents some syntactic proposals, these being designed so as to comport well with the semantic, syntactic, and speech-act generalizations achieved in the previous chapters, including a ... More


Quantifier Phrases and Pronouns: Plural Reference and Anaphora

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by trying to describe, without assuming any specific formalism, how quantifier phrases differ from other noun phrases. Then we will be better able to appreciate what it means to ... More


Type 〈1〉 Quantifiers of Natural and Logical Languages

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter describes quantifiers related to natural languages with the logically simplest case: type ‹1›. These quantifiers are, on each universe, sets of subsets of that universe. Here the ... More


Monotone Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

For quantifiers, being second-order relations, the relevant order for arguments is inclusion, and for values implication, and the general concept of monotonicity applies straightforwardly to ... More


Possessive Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses possessive and exceptive expressions that can be seen as determiners. Possessive determiners constitute a major form of possessive expressions in English and Swedish, whereas ... More


Quantifiers, Determiners, and Plural Constructions

Byeong-uk Yi

in Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716327
eISBN:
9780191785030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716327.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This paper presents analyses of natural language quantifiers and determiners. In doing so, the paper pays special attention to plural determiners, determiners that can combine with plural noun ... More


Other ‘Look’ Sentences

Wylie Breckenridge

in Visual Experience: A Semantic Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199600465
eISBN:
9780191841835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199600465.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

In Chapters 2–7 the author focused on one particular ‘look’ sentence that we might use to say that you have a visual experience of the patch with character c1—‘The patch looks grey to you’. He has ... More


Foundational Consequences: The Form of Semantics

Joseph Almog

in Referential Mechanics: Direct Reference and the Foundations of Semantics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199314379
eISBN:
9780199349487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314379.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

The foundations of direct reference semantics are laid out. Two key puzzles pertaining to the fundamental notions are examined. The first puzzle, from Frege, concerns the notions of informativeness ... More


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