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Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Benjamin Reilly

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book shows how political reformers across the Asia-Pacific region have responded to the reality of their internal diversity by deliberate, innovative, and often highly ambitious forms of ... More


Constitutional Design and Problems of Implementation in Southern and Eastern Europe

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this chapter, Leonardo Morlino presents an analytical framework for studying the implementation of constitutional norms. The aim of the first section is to isolate the guiding concepts for ... More


Beyond Consolidation

Leonardo Morlino

in Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis: Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280828
eISBN:
9780191599965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280823.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter sums up the result of the previous part of the book and discusses the main patterns of consolidation with reference to the cases. The second part illustrates the democratic outcomes of ... More


The Number and Balance of Parties

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When some parties have many seats and some have few, we need a meaningful ‘effective’ number of parties so as to compare the effects of electoral systems on party systems. The standard way to express ... More


What Can We Expect from Electoral Laws?

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

We now expect to be able to fine-tune simple electoral laws to effect party systems and government stability positively, but we still need to be cautious. We should not expect to be able to tailor ... More


Cross‐Country Comparisons: Legislative and Executive Inclusion

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A comparative analysis is given of both actual and simulated election results of the five country case studies (from Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) presented in the book, along ... More


Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

For a given electoral system, what average number and size distribution of parties can we expect? This book makes specific predictions that agree with world averages. The basic factors are assembly ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Andrew Reynolds

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book is one of the series Oxford Studies in Democratization, and examines electoral systems and democratization in southern Africa. The design of electoral systems and executive types is ... More


Slovakia: From the Ambiguous Constitution to the Dominance of Informal Rules

Darina Malová

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the reasons behind the hastily drafted Constitution of Slovakia and explains why it proved insufficient to provide guidance to political leaders and to foster the consolidation of ... More


The Institutional Impact on Votes and Deviation from PR

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Using nothing but the product of assembly size and district magnitude, a quantitatively predictive logical model allows us to estimate the average effective number of parties based on votes. Average ... More


Putting Conservatism to Good Use? Long Crisis and Vetoed Alternatives in Uruguay

Fernando Filgueira and Jorge Papadópulos

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Uruguay was able to resist many aspects of neo‐liberal reform that took hold in Latin America in the 1970s and 1980s, despite economic crises, a fundamental change of Uruguay's position in the ... More


The Sources of Opposition Party Strength

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Why do we see the emergence of strong, cross-ethnic opposition parties in some democratizing regimes, while opposition parties in other countries remain organizationally underdeveloped and often ... More


Fragmented Parties in Zambia and Kenya

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Chapter 8 examines opposition party development after the transition to multiparty politics in Zambia and Kenya. In Zambia, the mobilizing structures provided by labor allowed the opposition Movement ... More


The Myth of the Independent Voter Revisited

David B. Magleby, Candice J. Nelson, and Mark C. Westlye

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter revisits the findings and conclusions reached in The Myth of the Independent Voter (1992), which shows independents in the electorate from 1952 (the first year in which the ANES asked ... More


Flash Point: The Ideological Bases of Anti-immigration Politics

Paul M. Sniderman, Michael Bang Petersen, Rune Slothuus, and Rune Stubager

in Paradoxes of Liberal Democracy: Islam, Western Europe, and the Danish Cartoon Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161105
eISBN:
9781400852673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161105.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter aims to bring to light how—and why—the ideological foundations of party systems in western Europe pose a potentially explosive threat to the inclusion of immigrants. It has, of course, ... More


Gender and Party Change

Monique Leyenaar and Drude Dahlerup

in Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653898
eISBN:
9780191751578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653898.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter addresses party and party system changes in relation to the future development of women’s representation in politics. What is the effect on women’s representation of the crisis of ... More


The Dynamics of Coalition Politics and Democracy in Sri Lanka

Jayadeva Uyangoda

in Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198079392
eISBN:
9780199082735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079392.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores political contexts and conditions that have made coalition politics an enduring feature in the politics of parliamentary governance in Sri Lanka since the political independence ... More


Coalitions and Democratic Deepening in India *

E. Sridharan

in Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198079392
eISBN:
9780199082735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079392.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter offers a detailed treatment of coalition politics in India and how it has conducted to the deepening of democracy by contributing to power-sharing by a wider range of parties and ethnic ... More


Coalition Politics in Malaysia

Khadijah Md. Khalid and Zakaria Haji Ahmad

in Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198079392
eISBN:
9780199082735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079392.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

There are two notable inter-related features which has characterised Malaysian electoral politics, namely consociationalism and coalition party system. Consociationalism as communal representation is ... More


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