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No Paper Tiger: Subsidies to China’s Paper Industry

Usha C. V. Haley and George T. Haley

in Subsidies to Chinese Industry: State Capitalism, Business Strategy, and Trade Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773749
eISBN:
9780199332571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773749.003.0109
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter covers $33.1 billion in subsidies to China’s paper industry from 2002-2009 and effects. Since 2000, China tripled paper production, and in 2008, became the largest producer of paper. The ... More


Measuring subsidies to chinese industry

Usha C. V. Haley and George T. Haley

in Subsidies to Chinese Industry: State Capitalism, Business Strategy, and Trade Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773749
eISBN:
9780199332571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773749.003.0040
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter defines subsidies, variables, measurement and data problems and methodology for the four studies on Chinese subsidies: steel (2000–2007), glass (2004–2008), paper (2002–2009) and auto ... More


A Historical Prologue

Eswar S. Prasad

in Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190631055
eISBN:
9780190631086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190631055.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

China pioneered the use of paper currency. This chapter traces the history of Chinese paper currency, from its origins in the 7th century, all the way to the present RMB notes. The chapter presents ... More


Introduction

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

Since the onset of economic reforms in 1978, China has been remarkably successful in reducing the CO2 intensity of GDP and industrial production despite a rising share of energy-intensive industries ... More


Conceptual Framework

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

An analytical framework of technological learning/upgrading explains the ability of individual enterprises to adopt minor process changes and major technological changes to reap “environmental ... More


China’s Industrial Development Strategy and Energy Use

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

Industrial development in China is the result of an evolving search for a strategy consonant with social and political conditions that also meets economic development objectives. Once weaknesses with ... More


Technological Change in China’s Paper Industry

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

In 1978 China’s paper industry was small, technologically backward, and energy intensive. Over the next three decades China slowly modernized this industry by closing small, obsolete facilities and ... More


Determinants of Energy Intensity

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

Individual industry estimates of CO2 savings may not be particularly good at separating out the impact of scale, technology, and price effects on energy efficiency and CO2 intensity. Econometric ... More


Conclusions

Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

in China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199385324
eISBN:
9780199385348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, International

Over three decades, China modernized the aluminum, cement, iron and steel, and paper industries. It provided incentives and reformed institutions to encourage enterprises to adopt state-of-the-art ... More


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