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News at Work: Imitation in an Age of Information Abundance

Pablo J. Boczkowski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226062792
eISBN:
9780226062785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226062785.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Before news organizations began putting their content online, people got the news in print or on TV and almost always outside of the workplace. But nowadays, most of us keep an eye on the headlines ... More


Habitats in Human History

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198077442
eISBN:
9780199082155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter discusses the aspects of technology, economy, social organization, ideology, and the ecological impact of gathering, nomadic pastoralism, settled cultivation, and industry. It then ... More


Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Phaedra Daipha

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book draws on a two-year ethnography of forecasting operations at the National Weather Service (NWS) to theorize decision-making in action. Contrary to popular wisdom, weather forecasters are ... More


A Public Science

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter focuses on the organizational features of meteorology, particularly the position of operational meteorology as government-sponsored activity. The organization of operational meteorology ... More


Modern Agriculture and the Environment

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines how modern agriculture causes social and environmental harm by focusing on eight organizational, institutional, and network-based mechanisms used by economic and political ... More


No Clear Evidence

Olga Kuchinskaya

in The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027694
eISBN:
9780262325417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027694.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 5 begins by examining authoritative reports on Chernobyl issued by organizations in the system of the United Nations (including the International Atomic Energy Agency and World Health ... More


Inequality, Democracy, and Macro-Structural Environmental Sociology

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter proposes an alternative framework for explaining the global environmental crisis: the inequality, democracy, and the environment (IDE) model. It first considers the macro-structural ... More


The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Environment

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines how globalization produces social and environmental consequences as a result of specific decisions made by powerful actors in a set of elite-controlled institutions that have ... More


Armed Violence, Natural Resources, and the Environment

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines how natural resource extraction and armed violence cause social and environmental harm. It first considers armed violence as one of several overlapping and mutually reinforcing ... More


Restricted Decision Making and U.S. Energy and Military Policy in the George W. Bush Administration

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines the elite roots of U.S. energy and military policy under the George W. Bush administration. It first provides an overview of U.S. energy and military policy since World War II ... More


Environmental Degradation Reconsidered

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book has highlighted the limitations of existing arguments in accounting for the structural causes of social and environmental harm, including macro-structural environmental sociology, with ... More


Insect Media: An Archaeology of Animals and Technology

Jussi Parikka

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816667390
eISBN:
9781452947075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816667390.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Since the early nineteenth century, when entomologists first popularized the unique biological and behavioral characteristics of insects, technological innovators and theorists have proposed insects ... More


Public Regulation of Science: Clinical Trials at the Regional Cancer Centre

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter discusses how an internal conflict between two groups of researchers within the Regional Cancer Centre at Thiruvananthapuram in the context of clinical trials triggered a public ... More


Organizations and Markets

Charles Perrow and Simone Pulver

in Climate Change and Society: Sociological Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199356102
eISBN:
9780199356133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356102.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Market organizations are responsible for most carbon pollution, through direct emission of greenhouse gases or indirect encouragement of behaviors resulting in these emissions. Though organizational ... More


Mitigating Climate Change

Karen Ehrhardt-Martinez, Thomas K. Rudel, Kari Marie Norgaard, and Jeffrey Broadbent

in Climate Change and Society: Sociological Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199356102
eISBN:
9780199356133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356102.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Using a sociological lens can enhance our understanding of climate change mitigation challenges and solutions by looking beyond technology-centric approaches and by recognizing the nested nature of ... More


Civil Society, Social Movements, and Climate Change

Beth Schaefer Caniglia, Robert J. Brulle, and Andrew Szasz

in Climate Change and Society: Sociological Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199356102
eISBN:
9780199356133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356102.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter focuses on the efforts of social movement organizations and civil society more broadly in advocating for action on climate change. Social movements have historically been and continue to ... More


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