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Quantum Dot Lasers

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is devoted to the physics and technology of diode lasers based on self-organized quantum dots (QD). It addresses the fundamental and technology aspects of QD edge-emitting and ... More


PHILOSOPHY OF A SMALL WORLD

S. N. Dorogovtsev and J. F. F. Mendes

in Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes some perspective directions of network research and outlines recent progress in understanding the organization and function of real-world networks.


Motifs, cliques, communities

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses subgraphs in complex networks. First, it considers ‘building blocks’ of networks-motifs subgraphs that are present in many copies in a network. It focuses on the statistics of ... More


Introduction

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains introductory remarks and a brief discussion of fundamental challenges in the field of pattern formation in granular media. It also discusses the structure and organization of ... More


BENEFITS AND PERILS OF INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter focuses on material instabilities. Topics discussed include the making and breaking of materials, thermo-chemical fabrication of new materials, thermo-mechanical fabrication of new ... More


RADIATION-INDUCED INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The irradiation of materials with energetic particles may induce drastic changes in their microstructure, and hence may induce important variations in their physicochemical properties. This chapter ... More


SELF-ORGANIZATION OF SURFACE ATOMS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a method for quantitatively studying the evolution (i.e., nucleation and growth) of the solid phase from the vapour phase. The technical applications of the methods developed is ... More


CONCLUSIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of universality of self-organization. It then considers the connections between patterns, defects and instabilities; and the dilemma of modeling and ... More


SELF-ASSEMBLY AND SELF-ORGANIZATION OF MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the self-assembly and self-organization of soft matter, and explains how systems can evolve from elementary particles to thinking organisms. Such evolution, like everything ... More


SHELXL

Peter Müller

in Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198570769
eISBN:
9780191718809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces the crystal structure refinement program SHELXL, a program written and maintained by George M. Sheldrick. SHELXL is by far the most popular refinement program for small ... More


MODERN ARCHITECTURE OF RANDOM GRAPHS

S. N. Dorogovtsev and J. F. F. Mendes

in Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This introductory chapter outlines the set of issues and problems that are considered in the text. Namely, what is common to all networks? What are the general principles of the organization and ... More


Self-Organization in Multiplex Networks

Nikos E. Kouvaris and Albert Díaz-Guilera

in Multiplex and Multilevel Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198809456
eISBN:
9780191847073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809456.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The chapter “Self-Organization in Multiplex Networks” discusses the use of multiplex networks in studying complex systems and synchronization. An important question in the research of complex systems ... More


Cambridge and the Cavendish

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

J.J. Thomson was elected Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Cambridge in 1884, and after new degree regulations were instituted in 1895, he led the Cavendish Laboratory ... More


Vienna and the Institute for Radium Research

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Rutherford and Chadwick’s experiments and Rutherford’s explanation were vigorously challenged in 1922 by the Swede, Hans Pettersson and his Austrian partner, Gerhard Kirsch, working in the Institute ... More


Nuclear Physicists at the Crossroads

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The Nazi Civil Service Law of April 7, 1933, prompted the establishment of refugee organizations to cope with the greatest intellectual migration in history, a difficult task in the Great Depression. ... More


Universities and Laboratories

Ken Peach

in Managing Science: Developing your Research, Leadership and Management Skills

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198796077
eISBN:
9780191837234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796077.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the institutions that do science (universities and laboratories), and discusses their organization and structure, as well as the similarities and difference between ... More


Introduction to cell biology

Franz Bruckert

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Living cells are complex, because they are made of a myriad of different molecules and their structure results from the dynamics of the interactions between these molecules. In this short ... More


Forecasting Weather and Climate

Fred Taylor

in Exploring the Planets: A Memoir

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199671595
eISBN:
9780191819650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671595.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

A collaboration between Oxford University, the Meteorological Office, and the Natural Environment Research Council led to the setting up of the Robert Hooke Institute for Collaborative Atmospheric ... More


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