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The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a fundamental new theory of motor cortex organization: the rendering of the movement repertoire onto the cortex. The action repertoire of an animal is highly dimensional, whereas the ... More


Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

O. D. Creutzfeldt

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cortex continues to be the subject of intense scientific curiosity, as it has been for the past thirty years. It is the most highly developed part of the brain, yet the youngest in evolutionary ... More


The Relationship between Dopaminergic Axons and Glutamatergic Synapses in the Striatum: Structural Considerations

Jonathan Moss and J. Paul Bolam

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes data on the anatomical substrate of the interaction between both glutamatergic corticostriatal synapses and thalamostriatal synapses with dopaminergic axons and terminals in ... More


Neuropsychology and A.R. Luria's Concept of Higher Cortical Functions in the Beginning of the 3rd Millennium

Elkhonon Goldberg and Dmitri Bougakov

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter examines how neuropsychological theories posited by Luria continue to evolve in the modern era. In particular, it looks at how Luria’s functional systems theory has been expanded upon ... More


Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Dana H. Ballard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The vast differences between the brain’s neural circuitry and a computer’s silicon circuitry might suggest that they have nothing in common. In fact, as Dana Ballard argues in this book, ... More


Pathophysiology of demyelinated axons

STEPHEN G. WAXMAN, JEFFERY D. KOCSIS, and JOEL A. BLACK

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the pathophysiology of demyelinated axons. It reviews available data concerning cellular and molecular substrates for abnormal conduction and mechanisms underlying recovery of ... More


Order in Diversity: From Phenomenology to Function

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of GABAergic system. It then describes sixteen interneuronal species that inhabit the CA1 region of the hippocampus. It shows that there is a high level of ... More


Structure Defines Function

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The neocortex is built from five principal-cell types and numerous classes of interneurons. Early formulation of cortical structure emphasized the modularity of the neocortex. Its robust local ... More


Diversity of Cortical Functions Is Provided by Inhibition

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In addition to principal cells, the cerebral cortex contains diverse classes of interneurons that selectively and discriminately innervate various parts of principal cells and each other. The ... More


A System of Rhythms: From Simple to Complex Dynamics

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

Neuronal networks in the mammalian cortex generate several distinct oscillatory bands. These neuronal oscillators are linked to the much slower metabolic oscillators. The mean frequencies of the ... More


Theoretical Accounts of the Nervous System

Partha P. Mitra and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on theoretical accounts of the nervous system. It argues that one way to deal with the diversity presented by the large number of theoretical accounts of the nervous system and ... More


The Sexual Animal

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the role of gonadal hormones in the reproductive life of mammals. Topics covered include hormonal activation of sexual behavior, hormonal organization of sexual behavior, ... More


Olfactory Bulb

GORDON M. SHEPHERD, WEI R. CHEN, and CHARLES A. GREER

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The olfactory bulb is an outgrowth of the forebrain, specialized for processing the molecular signals that give rise to the sense of smell. It receives sensory input from the olfactory sensory ... More


Neurological Models

Bryan Kolb

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0042
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter examines some of the most well-developed models of human neurological disorders that involve the cerebral hemispheres. It discusses cortical organization in rats and models of ... More


Levels of Representational Organization

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explores whether the "Explanatory Gap"-the discrepancy that exists when comparing a phenomenal sensation to a neural spike-train correlate-can be approached via the concept that neural ... More


Sex Differences in the Organization of Movement

Evelyn F. Field and Ian Q. Whishaw

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents research focusing on the question of whether there are sex differences in the kinematic organization of movement. In addition, the relative contributions of gonadal steroids, ... More


The parahippocampal region: past, present, and future

Menno P. Witter

in The Parahippocampal Region: Organization and Role in Cognitive Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509172
eISBN:
9780191724626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509172.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter aims to do justice to some of the magnificent historical accounts on the structural and functional organization of the parahippocampal region (PHR) which contributed to our current ... More


Arousal and sleep systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The arousal and sleep systems interact with other functional systems and generate patterns of neural activity which may at times have an asymmetric hemispherical distribution. They utilize many ... More


Disorders of memory

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Clinically occurring memory disorders are difficult to classify on the basis of the hypothetical stages of memory. Since memory functions are widely distributed in the brain, memory disturbance forms ... More


The biology of emotion

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines biological aspects of emotion. It discusses different definitions of emotions and analyses the relevant works of Antonio Damasio and Jaak Panksepp on emotion. It suggests that ... More


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