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Experimental resurrection of ancient biomolecules: gene synthesis, heterologous protein expression, and functional assays

Eric A. Gaucher

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Approximately twenty studies have emerged where specific molecular systems from extinct organisms have been resurrected for study in the laboratory. These include digestive proteins (ribonucleases, ... More


Alignment, dynamic homology, and optimization

Ward C. Wheeler

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are two properties that have been used to differentiate sequence data from other sorts of information: simplicity of states and length variation. Unlike complex anatomical features (e.g., limb ... More


Evolutionary Biomechanics

Graham Taylor and Adrian Thomas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

Evolutionary biomechanics is the study of evolution through the analysis of biomechanical systems. Its unique advantage is the precision with which physical constraints and performance can be ... More


Parasites discover behavioral ecology: how to manage one’s host in a complex world

Bernard D. Roitberg

in Host Manipulation by Parasites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter develops dynamic state variable (DSV) models to predict the foraging and growth dynamics of herbivores, when healthy and when parasitized. In the model, the ‘caterpillar’ can decide ... More


Function: How Traits Interact with the Environment to Influence Reproduction and Survival

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Interactions between the environment, traits, and their constituent genes demonstrate that it is impossible to predict evolutionary change in anything but the simplest environments. Even then, we can ... More


Structure: How Genotypes, Traits, Strategies, and Environment Interact

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our ability to predict the dynamics of evolution depends critically on its underlying genetic and environmental structure. The structure is defined by the ways that traits map onto fitness. The ... More


Performance-Yield Trade-offs in Work in Manufactured and Living Systems: Design Centering Looks at the World of Work

Michael Lightner

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the trade-offs that occur in the design and manufacture of computer chips. It considers the implications of a design optimization method for chip manufacture called design ... More


Selection

Graham K. Taylor and Adrian L. R. Thomas

in Evolutionary Biomechanics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

This chapter develops a model of adaptive evolution that is founded upon the genetical theory of natural selection, and which justifies the adaptationist approach of analysing traits at organismal ... More


Trade-offs: selection, phylogeny, and constraint

Graham K. Taylor and Adrian L. R. Thomas

in Evolutionary Biomechanics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

This chapter uses multi-objective optimization theory to examine how natural selection resolves trade-offs among multiple conflicting performance objectives. Because physical constraint is universal, ... More


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