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The Origin of Elements

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The origin of elements lies deep within the stars around us: over time, nuclear fusion in the cores of stars transforms hydrogen and helium into progressively heavier elements. All elements in our ... More


Alchemical Furnaces of the Cosmos

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Sun and other stars generate energy by nuclear fusion processes that convert hydrogen into helium. Eddington was first to suggest the conversion of hydrogen into helium might fuel the stars. At ... More


Nuclear Fusion in Stars

Prasenjit Saha and Paul A. Taylor

in The Astronomers' Magic Envelope: An Introduction to Astrophysics Emphasizing General Principles and Orders of Magnitude

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198816461
eISBN:
9780191858246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816461.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter enumerates some of the many nuclear reactions in stars. It focuses on a general principle: nuclear fusion requires overcoming the Coulomb barrier between nuclei, which is possible ... More


Basking in Solar Energy

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes how almost all of the natural energy used on the Earth, from food to fossil fuels and the renewable resources that rely on moving air or water, is in fact transformed sunlight. ... More


Lise Meitner (1878–1968)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the figure of Lise Meitner, famous Austrian physicist and co-discoverer of the nuclear fusion of uranium, who had to flee her country during the Second World War because she ... More


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