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Twentieth Century and Beyond

Don S. Lemons

in Drawing Physics: 2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035903
eISBN:
9780262338745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035903.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During this period the diagrams that convey the ideas of physics become more symbolic and less representational. Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus (1910), Niels Bohr’s model of the ... More


Alchemical Furnaces of the Cosmos

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Sun and other stars generate energy by nuclear fusion processes that convert hydrogen into helium. Eddington was first to suggest the conversion of hydrogen into helium might fuel the stars. At ... More


The Birth of Stars and Planets

Karel Schrijver

in One of Ten Billion Earths: How we Learn about our Planet's Past and Future from Distant Exoplanets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198799894
eISBN:
9780191864865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799894.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Exoplanets were discovered only a century after the true nature of stars was revealed, and yet—as explained in this chapter—their existences are inseparably linked. The birth of stars in densely ... More


Lise Meitner (1878–1968)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the figure of Lise Meitner, famous Austrian physicist and co-discoverer of the nuclear fusion of uranium, who had to flee her country during the Second World War because she ... More


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