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The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Stefano Atzeni and Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The book is devoted to targets for nuclear fusion by inertial confinement and to the various branches of physics involved. It first discusses fusion reactions and general requirements for fusion ... More


In Search of the Optimum Energy Mix: Japanese Laws Promoting Non-Fossil-Fuel Energy

Kazuhiro Nakatani

in Beyond The Carbon Economy: Energy Law in Transition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199532698
eISBN:
9780191701054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532698.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Japan's move away from a carbon economy is required for the following two reasons. First, under the Kyoto Protocol, Japan has to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 6 per cent below the 1990 level ... More


Nuclear Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter gives an overview of nuclear physics from the discovery of the neutron to ongoing research topics. General properties of atomic nuclei are considered: the valley of stability, the nuclear ... More


The Origin of Elements

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The origin of elements lies deep within the stars around us: over time, nuclear fusion in the cores of stars transforms hydrogen and helium into progressively heavier elements. All elements in our ... More


Twentieth Century and Beyond

Don S. Lemons

in Drawing Physics: 2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035903
eISBN:
9780262338745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035903.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During this period the diagrams that convey the ideas of physics become more symbolic and less representational. Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus (1910), Niels Bohr’s model of the ... More


The Warmth of the Earth: Nuclear Reactions Sustain All Life

E. C. Pielou

in The Energy of Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Not all the earth's energy comes from sunlight. A small fraction — one part in four or five thousand — comes from the earth's internal heat. This is the energy that shifts tectonic plates and that ... More


Nuclear Fusion in Stars

Prasenjit Saha and Paul A. Taylor

in The Astronomers' Magic Envelope: An Introduction to Astrophysics Emphasizing General Principles and Orders of Magnitude

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198816461
eISBN:
9780191858246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816461.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter enumerates some of the many nuclear reactions in stars. It focuses on a general principle: nuclear fusion requires overcoming the Coulomb barrier between nuclei, which is possible ... More


Nuclear Power Generation

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The primary advantage of nuclear power is that a lot of energy can be generated from very little material—that too with no ongoing CO2 production. The disadvantage is the problem of dealing with ... More


Alchemical Furnaces of the Cosmos

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Sun and other stars generate energy by nuclear fusion processes that convert hydrogen into helium. Eddington was first to suggest the conversion of hydrogen into helium might fuel the stars. At ... More


Fusion in the Sun: A Primer in Quantum Physics

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Protons in the Sun’s core are a dense plasma allowing fusion events where two protons initially join to produce a deuteron. Eventually this leads to alpha particles, the mass-four nucleus of helium, ... More


Basking in Solar Energy

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes how almost all of the natural energy used on the Earth, from food to fossil fuels and the renewable resources that rely on moving air or water, is in fact transformed sunlight. ... More


The Birth of Stars and Planets

Karel Schrijver

in One of Ten Billion Earths: How we Learn about our Planet's Past and Future from Distant Exoplanets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198799894
eISBN:
9780191864865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799894.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Exoplanets were discovered only a century after the true nature of stars was revealed, and yet—as explained in this chapter—their existences are inseparably linked. The birth of stars in densely ... More


Introduction

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

An introduction to long-term climate-neutral energy makes clear that most arises from the Sun or the motions of the Sun-Earth system. Quantum physics is an essential part of understanding the Sun’s ... More


Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

E. L. Wolf

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This is a physics textbook describing, at a college level, the physics and technology needed to provide sustainable long-term energy, past the era of fossil fuels. A summary is given of global power ... More


Sustainable Energy Beyond Carbon

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Energy from the Sun leads to direct heating of the Earth, and also to secondary forms of energy in winds, waves and hydroelectricity. Long-term energy resources in the Earth and its motions include ... More


The Rise and Fall of ‘Engineering Miracle-Workers’

Philippe Bihouix

in The Age of Low Tech: Towards a Technologically Sustainable Civilization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529213263
eISBN:
9781529213300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529213263.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter reviews how technology has always responded to shortages of resources. It describes the origins of industrial chemistry, energy technology, food production and storage, and construction ... More


Lise Meitner (1878–1968)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the figure of Lise Meitner, famous Austrian physicist and co-discoverer of the nuclear fusion of uranium, who had to flee her country during the Second World War because she ... More


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