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Healthy Agency and the Norms of Basic Justice

Lawrence C. Becker

in Habilitation, Health, and Agency: A Framework for Basic Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917549
eISBN:
9780199950454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917549.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 8 shows how the elements of basically healthy agency run parallel to and can be represented as norms of basic justice.


Evolution of Moralitys 1

Edouard Machery and Ron Mallon

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines whether morality really evolved, as many philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, and biologists claim. It distinguishes three possible versions of this claim and reviews ... More


The structure of deliberative contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins the task of outlining the alternative deliberative model of contractualism, focusing on explaining in detail the nature of the hypothetical choice scenario facing individuals ... More


Setting the Norms of Recognition

George Sher

in Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To say that someone should have realized that he was acting wrongly or foolishly is to imply that there is some norm that his not realizing what he was doing failed to satisfy. Because that norm must ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Moral Evolution

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the genealogy of “harm norms,” norms against causing pain and suffering to others. The chapter sets out a range of historical and anthropological facts that need to be captured ... More


The Need for an Intention

Gideon Yaffe

in Attempts: In the Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590667
eISBN:
9780191595530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590667.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In almost all jurisdictions, a defendant has committed an attempt only if he intends to complete the crime. Intention is an element of attempt even when the crime can be completed without intent. ... More


Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis

Fritz Allhoff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226014838
eISBN:
9780226014821
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226014821.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The general consensus among philosophers is that the use of torture is never justified. This book demonstrates the weakness of the case against torture. While allowing that torture constitutes a ... More


How to be a Virtue Epistemologist

Christopher Hookway

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter points out that standard versions of virtue epistemology accept and are motivated by the same central problems in epistemology — such as analyzing the concepts of knowledge and ... More


Norms in the Wild: How to Diagnose, Measure, and Change Social Norms

Cristina Bicchieri

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190622046
eISBN:
9780190622084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190622046.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Norms in the Wild takes a unique look at social norms, answering questions about diagnosis (how can we tell that a shared practice is a social norm?), measurement (how do we measure expectations and ... More


Propriety and Truth: (2) Facts and Norms

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume and whether one can find whether a moral judgment is to be identified with the judgment that an object is evoking in us a feeling of approval or disapproval. The ... More


Some Complex Moral Ideas

James Griffin

in Value Judgement: Improving Our Ethical Beliefs

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752318
eISBN:
9780191597541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752318.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Turns to more complex moral norms than the ‘simple’ ones discussed in Ch. 5: e.g. the prohibition ‘Don’t deliberately kill the innocent’ and the injunction ‘save more people's lives rather than ... More


Conclusions

Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin, and Nicholas Southwood

in Explaining Norms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654680
eISBN:
9780191747960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654680.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the three main themes of this volume: the nature of norms, of norms in general and of particular kinds of norms; where norms come from, why they arise, persist, change, and ... More


Commentary: What is Expected of Public Health Ethics?

Taketoshi Okita

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0073
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The present discussion divides public health activities into two broad categories: countermeasures against acute infectious diseases, and health promotion measures. On countermeasures against acute ... More


Strict Moralism: Enforcing True Morality

Joel Feinberg

in The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law Volume 4: Harmless Wrongdoing

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195064704
eISBN:
9780199833207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195064704.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Feinberg's target here is the strict legal moralist, who defends (1) true morality (the set of rational norms that apply equally to all peoples) (2) a retributive theory of punishment, and (3) the ... More


Explaining Norms

Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin, and Nicholas Southwood

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654680
eISBN:
9780191747960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654680.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Norms are a pervasive yet mysterious feature of social life. This book aims to grapple with some of the many mysteries, offering an account of norms: what they are; how and why they emerge, persist, ... More


On Being Objective and Being Objectified

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Catharine MacKinnon has argued that the stance of objectivity is a male stance and, more specifically, a stance of objectification: “to look at the world objectively is to objectify it.” This chapter ... More


Norm following

Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin, and Nicholas Southwood

in Explaining Norms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654680
eISBN:
9780191747960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654680.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers how to make sense of the notion of norms following within a broadly rational-choice-theoretic framework. It begins by providing a general characterization of the notion of ... More


Norm conforming

Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin, and Nicholas Southwood

in Explaining Norms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654680
eISBN:
9780191747960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654680.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the notion of norm conforming within a broadly rational-choice-theoretic perspective. It begins by discussing the notion of externalizing a norm in more detail. It then presents ... More


The Standard Picture and Its Discontents

Mark Greenberg

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606443
eISBN:
9780191729683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606443.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that there is a picture of how law works that most legal theorists are implicitly committed to and take to be common ground. This Standard Picture (SP, for short) is generally not ... More


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