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Dynamic Cue Combination in Distributional Population Code Networks

Rama Natarajan and Richard S. Zemel

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how a neural system could properly combine cues even as their reliabilities change dynamically and continuously in time. It describes a framework for characterizing how ... More


Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Mauricio R. Delgado, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Trevor W. Robbins (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This latest volume in the Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience — decision making and emotional processing. This ... More


A neural systems model of decision making in adolescents

Monique Ernst

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on a heuristic neural systems model of motivated behaviour. This model provides hypotheses for mechanisms underlying changes in behaviour across development and psychopathology. ... More


Modularity in music relative to speech: framing the debate

Isabelle Peretz

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a response to the commentaries in Chapters 28–31. It addresses the four points raised by Besson and Schön on their comments questioning the usefulness of the modularity frame. ... More


Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 1: The Frontal Cortex, and Beyond

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses predominantly on the relatively more controlled and abstract ends of the levels of control and levels of specificity continua. It considers evidence at several levels, including ... More


Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Patrick Haggard

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is dedicated to exploring how much of higher cognitive function can be explained by reduction to simpler sensorimotor processes. It uses a series of specific cognitive domains to examine ... More


Brain mechanisms of vision, memory, and consciousness

EDMUND T. ROLLS

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by examining how brain mechanisms are involved in visual-object recognition. The author focuses on neural systems involved in processing information about faces because with the ... More


Habituation in infancy…from interacting neural systems to active exploration

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael W. Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

in Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the process of habituation. It starts by cautiously reviewing the feature behaviors of habituation responses. It then asks what kind of functional neural interaction might give ... More


How can temporal expectations bias perception and action?

Anna C. Nobre

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines how temporal expectation can bias action and perception. It explains that the brain continuously generates predictions about expected relevant events to guide perception and ... More


Neural systems underlying episodic memory: insights from animal research

John P. Aggleton and John M. Pearce

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines two strategies used in animal research and considers how the resultant information has helped to identify functional systems for the processing of episodic-like memory. In the ... More


“What was I thinking?” Developmental and neural connections between theory of mind, memory and the self

Rebecca Saxe

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes convergent evidence from developmental psychology and human neuroimaging for three claims concerning the developmental and neural connections between the theory of mind, ... More


Memory structures, procedures, and processes

JONATHAN K. FOSTER and MARKO JELICIC

in Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a brief history of the theoretical views of memory. It then provides an overview of the two views of the organization of human long-term memory: systems approach and ... More


Facts about human language relevant to its evolution

Steven Pinker

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contends that an important source of evidence that has been neglected in the study of language evolution is the language itself. Thus, in this chapter, some basic facts about the ... More


Language, spatial cognition, and the brain

URSULA BELLUGI and EDWARD S. KLIMA

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Two classifications of language are first discussed and explored in this chapter: spoken language and signed language. Although spoken and signed languages are structurally similar at their core, the ... More


Disorders of spatial perception and the visual control of action

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter the authors argue that the relevant computations for the control of spatially directed movements are carried out by neural systems that are quite independent of those underlying much ... More


Dissociating executive functions of the prefrontal cortex

T. W. Robbins

in The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the executive functioning that is required when effective new plans of action have to be formulated, and appropriate sequences of responses must be selected and scheduled. The ... More


Thirty years of object recognition

Glyn W. Humphreys

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at changes and developments in the study of object recognition during the past thirty years. It discusses the Marrian revolution attributed to David Marr, who took ideas and ... More


The perception of time

John Wearden

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses changes and developments in the study of time perception in psychology. It discusses some of the highlights from studies of time perception, concentrating principally on ... More


Face recognition in our time

Vicki Bruce

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes developments in the field of face recognition during the past fifty years. It explains that an interest in face recognition was spurred by the increasing number of cases of ... More


The Impact of Anticipated Cognitive Demand on Attention and Behavioral Choice

Joseph T. McGuire and Matthew M. Botvinick

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the latest evidence from behavioral and neuroscientific studies related to investigating the effects of immediate and long-term decision making. It examines evidence on people’s ... More


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