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Introduction: The Need for Early Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this volume, which is about saving children from a life of crime. This book aims to change national policies to focus on early childhood prevention ... More


Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Ida Susser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This book presents an examination of a scenario that appears likely to be played out again and again as federal budget policies result in reduced services for urban areas across the United States. ... More


National Parks and the governance of the rural environment

Nicola Thompson

in New Labour's countryside: Rural policy in Britain since 1997

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349323
eISBN:
9781447302858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349323.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines New Labour's handling of National Park policy in Great Britain by explaining the impacts of policy change and institutional reform since 1997. It describes the nature of ... More


National urban policies for deprived urban areas: the birth of Area-Based Initiatives

Rene Peter Hohmann

in Regenerating deprived urban areas: A cross national analysis of area-based initiatives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447310785
eISBN:
9781447310808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310785.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The chapter provides an overview of the legacy and emergence of Area-based Initiatives in England and Germany. In England a considerable history of area-targeted policy approaches to the ... More


Finland: towards more proactive policies

Juho Saari and Olli Kangas

in The Europeanisation of social protection

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420206
eISBN:
9781447303794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420206.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

A number of contradictory elements mark the Finnish attitude to the EU and to Europeanisation. Every political party has its own opinions of the EU, and the political colour of the cabinet has an ... More


Denmark: from foot dragging to pace setting in European Union social policy

Jon Kvist

in The Europeanisation of social protection

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420206
eISBN:
9781447303794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420206.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The relationship between national social policy and the EU is a recurrent theme in public debate throughout Europe. These debates are sparked by EU referenda, regardless of their official theme, with ... More


Reforming the European Social Model and the politics of indicators: from the unemployment rate to the employment rate in the European Employment Strategy1

Robert Salais

in Unwrapping the European social model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347985
eISBN:
9781447304135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347985.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on the European Employment Strategy (EES) as an exemplar of what could be called ‘a politics of indicators’, by which is meant the specific type of political action and ... More


The Federal Challenge to University-Based Education Research in the United States: Turning Research into Policy and Practice

Sarah A. Mason

in The impact of research in education: An international perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306207
eISBN:
9781447310990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306207.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the current environment for education research in the United States and the ways in which recent changes in the national policy framework, resources, infrastructure and roles ... More


Making of National Policy on Education, 1986

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

in History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947-2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474943
eISBN:
9780199090891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474943.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter briefly narrates the great hopes aroused by Rajiv Gandhi’s accession to power and his dashing initiatives such as the reorganization of Central Government ministries and critiques the ... More


The limits of compromise? Social justice, ‘race’ and multiculturalism

Craig Gary

in Social justice and public policy: Seeking fairness in diverse societies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349347
eISBN:
9781447303404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349347.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the idea of multiculturalism, which is currently under attack. This raises two important issues, namely the need to recall that most national policies are now multicultural ... More


Comparing flexible working arrangements across organisational contexts

Ann Nilsen, Suzan Lewis, and Julia Brannen

in Work, families and organisations in transition: European perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422200
eISBN:
9781447304326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422200.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter is divided in two parts, with a central focus on parents' need for flexible working arrangements in order effectively and efficiently to manage their everyday lives. The first part of ... More


The Kothari Saga (1965–85)

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

in History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947-2016

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199474943
eISBN:
9780199090891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474943.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter outlines the exceptional composition of the landmark Kothari Commission, and its blend of idealism and realism. It offers a succinct account of the recommendations of the Kothari ... More


Introduction: Health Inequities in India—The Larger Dimensions

Purendra Prasad

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides a narrative that explains the politics of access (distribution, utilization, outcomes) as well as the context in which health inequalities are produced in India. While fields ... More


Social Science Policy in India

Swarup Dutta and S.V. Narayanan

in Social Science Research in India: Status, Issues, and Policies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199474417
eISBN:
9780199089062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199474417.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses the policy related to social science research (SSR) in India since independence. Several committees have recognized the importance of social sciences and made numerous ... More


The Construction of the Nation

SHALINI ADVANI

in Schooling the National Imagination: Education, English, and the Indian Modern

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198062752
eISBN:
9780199080205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198062752.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The heart of English education today lies not in an impetus for language acquisition but in the construction of the model citizen. While previous chapters explored the driving nationalist imperative ... More


American Exceptionalism in Crime, Punishment, and Disadvantage: Race, Federalization, and Politicization in the Perspective of Local Autonomy

Nicola Lacey and David Soskice

in American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190203542
eISBN:
9780190203566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203542.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter sets a particular thesis focused on the institutional structure of the American political system within the context of a broader literature in the comparative political economy of crime ... More


Universal Health Coverage: How Viable?

K. Srinath Reddy and Manu Raj Mathur

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the last few decades, several initiatives have been undertaken by Government of India to increase access to essential health services. A framework for UHC was also developed by a High Level Expert ... More


Regenerating deprived urban areas: A cross national analysis of area-based initiatives

Rene Peter Hohmann

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447310785
eISBN:
9781447310808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310785.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In the face of continuing challenges of urban decline, an increasing local policy activism in a number of European countries can be observed. The implementation of area-based initiatives (ABIs) for ... More


Koreans in China

Ji-Yeon O. Jo

in Homing: An Affective Topography of Ethnic Korean Return Migration

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824867751
eISBN:
9780824876968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824867751.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

I trace the sociopolitical history of Korean Chinese, illustrating the pathways they took to become Chinese citizens while negotiating their national minority status as ethnic Koreans. Relative to ... More


Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Purendra Prasad and Amar Jesani (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Equity and Access attempts to unravel the complex narrative of why inequities in the health sector are growing and access to basic health care is worsening, and the underlying forces that contribute ... More


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