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National Policies and Domestic Politics

Debora L. Spar

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Arguing that international business is essentially and incontrovertibly political, this essay describes the range of state policies that can shape and constrain the behaviour of firms. Specifically, ... More


Is National Technology Policy Obsolete in a Globalised World?: The Japanese Vision

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of the convergence hypothesis, which argues that there has been a convergence in the economies of the major industrialized countries in the post‐World War ... More


Social Indicators from a Member State Perspective

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

in Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In designing indicators for use in the EU monitoring process, a great deal can be learnt from the experience of member states in their national policies to combat social exclusion. Ch. 3 reviews, ... More


Legitimacy, Coherence and Governance

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the role of industry groups and NGOs in the formulation of trade policies at the national and global level, and the importance of transparency and openness in policy formation ... More


Implementation of the Act

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with broad aspects related to the implementation of the Electricity Act, 2003. It covers the various policies, namely, National Electricity Policy, Tariff Policy, and Rural ... More


The Credibility of Agricultural Land Tenure, or Why Intentional Institutional Ambiguity Might Work

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Seeks to explore the institutional arrangements that have enabled the establishment of a credible and socially accepted cropland tenure system in China. For this purpose, the chapter starts with a ... More


A Business Analytic Approach to Governments and Globalization

John H. Dunning

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Draws upon and extends some of Michael Porter's ideas and writings on the interface between governments and the competitiveness of resources and capabilities within their territorial jurisdiction. In ... More


Information Technology and Economic Development: Results and Policy Implications of Cross-Country Studies

KENNETH L. KRAEMER and JASON DEDRICK

in Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth: International Evidence and Implications for Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243983
eISBN:
9780191697319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243983.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Especially in industrialized countries, information technology has manifested itself in several aspects of life. However, doubts such as the ‘productivity paradox’ remain since there have been ... More


Structural Determinants and Economic Effects of Capital Controls in OECD Countries

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the OECD, the utilization of capital controls reached its lowest in more than fifty years and the European Community was getting ready to dismantle the remaining controls in 1990. While Japan and ... More


National Economic Reform in a Federal System: The Case of the Australian National Competition Policy and Related Reforms *

Paul Gretton

in Federal Reform Strategies: Lessons from Asia and Australia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198092001
eISBN:
9780199082513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092001.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Australia is governed under a federal system comprised of six States and two Territories and a national Government. The national Government is responsible for the bulk of revenue collection while the ... More


Federalism and Water Management in India *

Nirvikar Singh

in Federal Reform Strategies: Lessons from Asia and Australia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198092001
eISBN:
9780199082513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092001.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter assesses the status of India’s water management in the context of multiple layers of governance, embedded in a constitutional framework of federalism. After discussing the availability ... More


Forests

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter characterizes forest as a resource and describes its centrality for the supply of a huge range of eco-services to human society. It classifies forests according to density and quality and ... More


Culture in and of HIV/AIDS Risk Management in India

Ajay Bailey

in India's Risks: Democratizing the Management of Threats to Environment, Health, and Values

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199450459
eISBN:
9780199083084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450459.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter employs an organizing framework drawn from anthropology to examine the ‘culture of’ and the ‘culture in’ HIV/AIDS. Building on a case study in Goa, this chapter first looks at the ... More


Organizing Our Innovation Ecosystem

Steven C. Currall, Ed Frauenheim, Sara Jansen Perry, and Emily M. Hunter

in Organized Innovation: A Blueprint for Renewing America’s Prosperity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199330706
eISBN:
9780199364008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330706.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter offers our prescriptions for how to put the Organized Innovation framework in place. The recommendations can be summed up as a bipartisan plan for government, a wise bet for businesses, ... More


Land and development in China

Chengri Ding

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199678204
eISBN:
9780191788635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0056
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of land in China’s social, economic, and environmental development and its role in the many socioeconomic expectations that are seen to be the root causes of or ... More


Industry and Services: What the States Can Do

Arvind Panagariya, Pinaki Chakraborty, and M. Govinda Rao

in State Level Reforms, Growth, and Development in Indian States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199367863
eISBN:
9780199367887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367863.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

To promote healthy growth in industry and services, reforms are needed in three important areas: labor markets, land acquisition, and electricity. The chapter traces the failure of healthy growth in ... More


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