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Heavy Industry in the Third Reich: The Reichswerke Crisis

R. J. Overy

in War and Economy in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202905
eISBN:
9780191675584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202905.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The Reichswerke occupy a central place in the wider discussion of the relationship between state and industry in the Third Reich. Though recent historiography, both east and west, has gone well ... More


‘Killing the Hundred-Headed Hydra’: The Abolition of Tax Farming

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

On paper, the Russian government had been committed to the abolition of tax farming since the late 1840s. And Alexander II, who had already accepted the challenge of abolishing serfdom, was in a mood ... More


Erhard and the CDU

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Erhard's economic policies as economic director of the Bizone and his alliance with the CDU. Erhard considered that a party like the CDU would obviously give the freedom and ... More


Pierre-François Tubeuf and the Foundations of a Modern Coal-Mining Industry

Gwynne Lewis

in The Advent of Modern Capitalism in France, 1770–1840: The Contribution of Pierre-François Tubeuf

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228950
eISBN:
9780191678844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228950.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of Pierre-François Tubeuf in laying the foundations of the modern coal mining industry in France. Tubeuf's interest in coal mining started in March 1770 with his ... More


Revolution, Recession, and the Rights of Property-Owners

Gwynne Lewis

in The Advent of Modern Capitalism in France, 1770–1840: The Contribution of Pierre-François Tubeuf

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228950
eISBN:
9780191678844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228950.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines the impact of the French Revolution and the recession on property ownership rights in France. It suggests that throughout the Revolution and the regime of the French Empire, ... More


Vodka before the Nineteenth Century

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Alcohol is a drug, a narcotic. In Europe, including Russia, the most important natural sources of alcohol have been honey, fruits, and grains — the sources, respectively, of meads, wines, and beers. ... More


Traditional and Modern Drinking Cultures

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the uses of vodka in Russian society during the 19th century — the needs it satisfied in working class life, and the ways in which these shaped the level of demand. These ... More


Taxing Vodka—The Government's Share

David Christian

in ‘Living Water’: Vodka and Russian Society on the Eve of Emancipation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222866
eISBN:
9780191678516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222866.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Taxes, like commercial profits, are a form of revenue — a way in which wealth is transferred to social and political elites. The essential similarity of private and public revenues is particularly ... More


Barricades in Belgium, 1787–1830

Mark Traugott

in The Insurgent Barricade

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266322
eISBN:
9780520947733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266322.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the important contributions of the Belgian people, who hold the honor of having been the first to build barricades outside their country of origin. It notes that the Belgian's ... More


The Soviet Market for Weapons

Mark Harrison and Andrei Markevich

in Guns and Rubles: The Defense Industry in the Stalinist State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300125245
eISBN:
9780300151701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125245.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the market for weapons in the defense industry in the Soviet Union. It analyzes the issue of quality in terms of the hold-up problem, and highlights the unusual degree of ... More


Guild House, Workshop, Brotherhood Altar

David Frick

in Kith, Kin, and Neighbors: Communities and Confessions in Seventeenth-Century Wilno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451287
eISBN:
9780801467530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451287.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter first examines how Wilno’s various guilds drew a line around their areas of monopoly and whom they left on the outside, arguing that matters of exclusion depended largely on professional ... More


Occupying the Marketplace: The Battle over Public Space, Particular Interests, and the Body Politic

Katie Jarvis

in Politics in the Marketplace: Work, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190917111
eISBN:
9780190917142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917111.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the economically crucial and conceptually volatile debates over public space in the marketplace. It traces how the king’s public domain became national domain and how this ... More


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