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 The Thirties to the Fifties: Totalitarianism and the Second American Enlightenment

David Ciepley

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the United States, in contrast to continental Europe, science and social reform maintained generally positive relations with organized Christianity into the twentieth century. After World War Two, ... More


Church, State, and Democracy in Expanding Europe

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195337105
eISBN:
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337105.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book studies the relationship between religion and politics in ten former communist Eastern European countries. Challenging widespread theories of increasing secularization, this book argues ... More


Scientology: “Modern Religion” or “Religion of Modernity”?

Gerald Willms

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes some of the deep-rooted cultural influences on L. Ron Hubbard that shaped the Church of Scientology. It argues that Scientology is world-affirming, meaning that it is a very ... More


Faith-Based Diplomacy and Preventive Engagement

Douglas Johnston and Brian Cox

in Faith-Based Diplomacy Trumping Realpolitik

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195367935
eISBN:
9780199851805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367935.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

How religion is once again becoming a significant factor defies one of the most controversial theses in social science, which holds that modernization would cause religious influence to be minimal. ... More


Understanding a Complex History

Hilal Elver

in The Headscarf Controversy: Secularism and Freedom of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769292
eISBN:
9780199933136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769292.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the historical roots of the current political crises associated with the headscarf controversy, taking account of its social, political and legal ramifications. Attention will ... More


Religion as a Political Factor in Latin America: The Peruvian Case

Jorge Aragón Trelles

in Democracy, Culture, Catholicism: Voices from Four Continents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267309
eISBN:
9780823272334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Mainstream modernization and secularization theories once predicted a gradual decline in the importance of religion as a factor in people’s political orientations. Evidence has not borne out this ... More


The House of Sciences: The First Modern University in the Muslim World

Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190051556
eISBN:
9780190051587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051556.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This book examines the process of founding a Western institution, namely a university, in the Ottoman Empire, a cultural environment wholly different from its place of origin in Western Europe. This ... More


The Geopolitical Reinvention of the Holy War

Manlio Graziano

in Holy Wars and Holy Alliance: The Return of Religion to the Global Political Stage

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231174626
eISBN:
9780231543910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174626.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is about the exploitation of religion in Afghanistan for international political reasons.


Introduction: Logos, Religion, and Rationality

John H. Smith

in Dialogues between Faith and Reason: The Death and Return of God in Modern German Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449277
eISBN:
9780801463273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449277.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book explores the connection between faith and reason by focusing on the death and return of God in modern German thought. It considers, in a historical context, how God can return from the ... More


Introduction

Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

in Religion and Modernity: An International Comparison

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801665
eISBN:
9780191840302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801665.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Opponents of secularization theory often emphasize that what can be said about religion in Europe cannot be applied to other regions of the world. They regularly refer to non-European countries where ... More


The Struggle for Legitimacy: Tensions between the LDS and FLDS

Ryan T. Cragun, Michael Nielsen, and Heather Clingenpeel

in Saints Under Siege: The Texas State Raid on the Fundamentalist Latter Day Saints

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795286
eISBN:
9780814795309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795286.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints's (LDS) struggle for legitimacy with the dissident Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints (FLDS) and with ... More


Religion: The Dynamics of Cultural Adaptations

Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a non-mathematical summary of the cultural evolutionary approach to explaining cultural change and the evolution of human behaviour. It reviews the evidence that the size and ... More


Is there an American Exceptionalism?: American and German Catholics in Comparison

Wim Damberg

in Secularization and Religious Innovation in the North Atlantic World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198798071
eISBN:
9780191839344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798071.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter on the development of US and German Catholicism in the second half of the twentieth century till 2015 traces two paths of religious modernization. The legacy of the religious subcultures ... More


Introduction

John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

in Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780195147988
eISBN:
9780190263799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter begins by considering the failure of the Arab Spring uprisings to produce democracy in the Muslim world. It then turns to modernization theory and its corollary, the ... More


South Korea: The Simultaneity of Modernization and Christianization

Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

in Religion and Modernity: An International Comparison

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801665
eISBN:
9780191840302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801665.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In South Korea, the processes of rapid modernization after the Second World War were accompanied by an upturn in the religion that has suffered the heaviest losses in Europe: Protestant Christianity. ... More


Reflections on the Concept of Modernity

Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

in Religion and Modernity: An International Comparison

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801665
eISBN:
9780191840302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801665.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Part I contains theoretical reflections on the two central concepts of the book: modernity and religion. This chapter on the concept of modernity begins by addressing the main reservations that have ... More


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