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Reproduction of Indigenous Knowledge in Plural Cultures: Ayurveda Education in Contemporary India *

Geetha B. Nambissan and S. Srinivasa Rao

in Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082866
eISBN:
9780199082254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082866.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter examines Ayurveda education in India and the reproduction of indigenous knowledge in a pluralist culture. The story of indigenous knowledge systems such as Ayurveda, especially in the ... More


A review of the evidence: Effects of problem-based learning on students and graduates of Maastricht medical school

Henk Schmidt

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Opinions differ as to whether problem-based learning (PBL) is an effective form of education. Some argue that, contrary to expectation, PBL has failed to promote in students higher levels of ... More


An anti-Aristotelian point of method in three rationalist doctors

Michael Frede

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Diocles of Carystus was perhaps the most important physician in the period between the Hippocratic writers, on the one hand, and Herophilus and Erasistratus, on the other. Diocles was a contemporary ... More


The Medical Approach

Ruth Harris

in Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law, and Society in the Fin de Siècle

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202592
eISBN:
9780191675430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202592.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The impact of medical knowledge was multifaceted, and was to some extent obscured even to contemporary participants. This chapter pays attention to the content of medical ideas and their impact on ... More


Public health ethics and practice

Stephen Peckham and Alison Hann (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Ethical dilemmas are not new in the area of health care and policy making, but in recent years, their frequency and diversity have grown considerably. All health professionals now have to consider ... More


The Islamic Ascendancy

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter studies the emergence of Islam, a civilization that found value in previous works and teachings on nature, medicine, and science. It shows that Arab physicians referred to the works of ... More


Anatomy of an Attitude: Medicine Comes of Age

Janet Gyatso

in Being Human in a Buddhist World: An Intellectual History of Medicine in Early Modern Tibet

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164962
eISBN:
9780231538329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164962.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the history of medicine in Tibet from the twelfth to seventeenth centuries and its heritage from South Asia, along with its patronage by the Fifth Dalai Lama and his regent, ... More


Cultures in Motion

Daniel T. Rodgers, Bhavani Raman, and Helmut Reimitz (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159096
eISBN:
9781400849895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159096.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book offers new conceptual vocabularies for understanding how cultures have trespassed across geography and social space. From the transformations of the meanings and practices of charity during ... More


Song Medicine: A View from Japan

Andrew Edmund Goble

in Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan: Buddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835002
eISBN:
9780824870317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the impact of Song medical texts in medieval Japan and more specifically how they restructured the landscape of knowledge about Japanese medicine. Against a background of the ... More


The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how Greek medical knowledge was reworked, together with clinical experience, into what is called Islamic medicine. Medical knowledge, primarily Greek medicine, is revealed in ... More


Anticontagionism and History's Medical Record

Roger Cooter and Claudia Stein

in Writing History in the Age of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300186635
eISBN:
9780300189438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300186635.003.0002
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter presents an analysis of an essay on anticontagionism and history of medicine. It explains that this essay aims to illustrate how knowledge production and power relations were mutually ... More


Changing cultures of night-time breastfeeding and sleep in the US

Cecilia Tomori

in Social Experiences of Breastfeeding: Building Bridges between Research, Policy and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447338499
eISBN:
9781447338543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338499.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter looks at the cultural assumptions that childbearing requires specialised medical knowledge in the United States, where expectant parents usually receive advice on all aspects of ... More


Medical Education and Basic Health Care: Forging Connections

Anand Zachariah

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Medical education in India is not sufficiently oriented to the health care needs of the country. The knowledge of medicine has primarily originated in western countries and there are mismatches ... More


Women and Gender

Janet Gyatso

in Being Human in a Buddhist World: An Intellectual History of Medicine in Early Modern Tibet

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164962
eISBN:
9780231538329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164962.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines how the attention for Tibetan medicine to the empirical body might have affected the representation of women and gender. The Four Treatises notes that the male body should not ... More


Art Written Down

Alisha Rankin

in Panaceia's Daughters: Noblewomen as Healers in Early Modern Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226925387
eISBN:
9780226925394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226925394.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the gentlewomen's practice of creating and collecting medicinal recipes. It looks at the procedures for making a remedy, which constituted the basis of women's pharmaceutical ... More


Conclusion: Thoughts for the Day after Tomorrow

Veena Das

in Affliction: Health, Disease, Poverty

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823261802
eISBN:
9780823268917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261802.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book has explored the trajectories of health and disease in the context of poverty by focusing on the experiences of people in low-income neighborhoods in Delhi. It has discussed the clinical ... More


Acquisition and Circulation of Medical Knowledge within the Early Modern Portuguese Colonial Empire

Timothy Walker

in Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, 1500-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753586
eISBN:
9780804776332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753586.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the acquisition and circulation of indigenous medical knowledge within the Portuguese colonial empire. First, it examines the role and influence of medical techniques, ... More


The Doctoring of Kōnenki

Margaret Lock

in Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520082212
eISBN:
9780520916623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520082212.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The Japanese are highly educated, extremely health conscious, and feel responsibility for the state of their bodies. Japan is plentifully supplied with physicians, 95 percent of whom are in clinical ... More


Cholera Becomes A Microbe

Owen Whooley

in Knowledge in the Time of Cholera: The Struggle over American Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226017464
eISBN:
9780226017778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017778.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When Robert Koch discovered the cholera microbe in 1884, homeopaths and allopathic physicians staked a claim to his research, attempting to frame this research into a discovery that legitimated their ... More


Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge

Andrew Edmund Goble

in Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan: Buddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835002
eISBN:
9780824870317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the emergence of wound medicine as a medical specialty in response to the eruption of violence and warfare in Japan in the early fourteenth century, with particular emphasis on ... More


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