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Caring and curing

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1991 commentary on the costs of medical care. It addresses the question: Can we afford miracle medicine's full cost, given that it involves an enormous outlay of community ... More


Universal Medical Care and Health Inequalities: Right Objectives, Insufficient Tools

Noralou P. Roos, Marni Brownell, and Verena Menec

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter aims to answer the question: What role does medical care play in determining population health? The Canadian health care system, with its universal medical care coverage, provides an ... More


Economic Impact of Cancer in the United States

MARTIN L. BROWN and K. ROBIN YABROFF

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the economic impact of cancer in the United States. Three categories of cost domains are identified: direct costs, resulting from the use of resources for medical care; ... More


Lifesavers

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1992 commentary on neonatal pediatricians' dedication to their patients. The ‘never say die’ attitude is more common pediatricians than in other medical specialities, possibly ... More


Archie’s scepticism

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on Archie Cochrane and his famous monography Effectiveness and Efficiency. Cochrane is known for his insights on doctors' fears about controls in clinical ... More


On the edge

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1992 commentary on the infant welfare movement. The French infant welfare movement began in the 1870s, but similar efforts were only taken up haltingly in other countries. In ... More


The Roles and Ethical Dilemmas for Military Medical Care Workers

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the roles and ethical dilemmas for military medical care workers, including obligations to enhance military strength versus obligations to meet the needs of individual military ... More


Health services research and epidemiology

Kerr L. White

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the importance of sound epidemiology to the improvement and development of medical care and health services, starting with the contributions of Florence Nightingale in the ... More


Medical Care

Oliver Fein and H. Jack Geiger

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190914653
eISBN:
9780190914684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914653.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The United States is the only industrialized democracy that does not define access to healthcare as a right and a government responsibility and therefore does not provide universal healthcare ... More


Creatures of bounded rationality

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1995 commentary on decision making by doctors and patients. Studies show that in many situations, a decision seems to be influenced more by the threat of a loss than by the ... More


Preoccupation with ‘autonomy’

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0044
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1997 commentary on neonatal care. Neonatologists often consider themselves as the unbiased protectors of their patients' best interests and assume an advocacy role. A claim is ... More


Observer bias

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1994 commentary on the observer bias that affects medical practitioners. It says that theories come into being because of prior expectations. The clinician is considered both ... More


Therapeutic mystique

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1988 commentary on the role of the placebo effect in treatments. Patients appear to respond best when they ‘have faith’ in their doctors. Doctors also seem more effective when ... More


Informing and consenting

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1992 commentary on informed consent. The requirement for formal and specific consent for medical action, especially and notion of patients' informed consent for previously ... More


Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Jody Heymann, Lorraine Sherr, and Rachel Kidman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Each year, over a quarter of a million children die of AIDS. Another 2 million children currently live with HIV, most in sub-Saharan Africa. Millions more are affected when AIDS enters their families ... More


Healthier Societies: An Introduction

Jody Heymann and Clyde Hertzman

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter calls attention to the emphasis that individuals and nations currently place on the treatment of illnesses and injuries at the expense of addressing the conditions that give ... More


The Economic Burden of Cancer in the United States

K. Robin Yabroff, Gery P. Guy, Matthew P. Banegas, and Donatus U. Ekwueme

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

With an aging and growing population and improved early detection and survival following diagnosis in the United States, the number of cancer survivors and prevalence of survivorship are expected to ... More


Preferences

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1993 commentary on treatment choices for neonates. It considers a proposed observational study dubbed as a ‘preference trial’: the systematic follow up of patient cohorts ... More


Resolution of insoluble dilemmas

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1995 commentary on the dilemmas arising from the birth of marginally-viable newborn infants. It considers the ‘positive programme’ (obligatory initial life support) which ... More


Who defines ‘futility’?

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0038
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1997 commentary on treatment for compromised neonates. It cites the growing number of parents who insist on treatments for their children — treatments that doctors know are ... More


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