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A Framework for Investigating Change over Time

Judith D. Singer and John B. Willett

in Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195152968
eISBN:
9780199864980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes why longitudinal data are necessary for studying change. Section 1.1 introduces three longitudinal studies of change. Section 1.2 distinguishes between the two types of issues ... More


Exploring Longitudinal Data on Change

Judith D. Singer and John B. Willett

in Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195152968
eISBN:
9780199864980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes exploratory analyses that can help researchers learn how different individuals in their sample change over time. These analyses serve two purposes: to identify important ... More


Propensity score matching and longitudinal research designs: counterfactual analysis using longitudinal data

Sean A P Clouston

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Counterfactual analysis attempts to replicate the circumstances of a randomized controlled trial using observational data. Though largely limited to cross-sectional data, recent work has begun to ... More


Design, data collection, and analysis

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes a mixed-longitudinal study. Children were followed for as long as they remained in school, with new five year olds joining and eleven year olds leaving each year. The resulting ... More


From science to policy: options for reducing health inequalities

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the science/policy interface of health inequalities. It considers the scientific contribution of longitudinal studies of individual and time-series analyses of societies. It ... More


NSHG: the auxological perspective

James M. Tanner

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The NSHG has made a strong contribution to auxological epidemiology. The NSHG demonstrated that monitoring of height can be carried out on a continuous basis and report results within a year of the ... More


A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Yoav Ben-Shlomo

Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Rebecca Hardy, and Marcus Richards (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book offers an interdisciplinary and life course approach to the study of healthy ageing, harnessing the power of cohort studies that follow people through their lives. Healthy ageing is the ... More


Design of life course studies of healthy ageing

Rebecca Hardy, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, and Scott Hofer

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many life course hypotheses can only be addressed using observational studies which follow the same individuals through time, and a birth cohort is perhaps the ideal study in which to investigate ... More


Longitudinal data analysis in studies of healthy ageing

Graciela Muniz Terrera and Rebecca Hardy

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Life course functional trajectories are a dynamic way of studying lifetime influences on health and ageing. Gaining a better understanding of trajectories of physical and cognitive capability permits ... More


Reflections on the legacy of British health inequalities research

Mel Bartley and David Blane

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides some personal reflections on the UK’s legacy in this field of research. Focusing on social class differences in mortality, the chapter draws on decennial supplement and Office ... More


Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder over the life course

Jessica Agnew-Blais and Larry J. Seidman

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects ~3–6% of the school-age population in the USA. Symptoms of ADHD have been found to be relatively consistent from childhood through adolescence, ... More


Borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, obsessive–compulsive, and other personality disorders

Andrew E. Skodol

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Personality disorders (PDs) have traditionally been conceptualized as enduring and stable, despite many early follow-up studies that showed that 〈50% of patients with PDs retained these diagnoses ... More


Analytic considerations in a life course perspective

Leah Li

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Using a life course approach to study mental health presents methodological challenges due to the complexity of life course hypotheses and longitudinal data. Measures of mental well-being are age ... More


Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs in Neighborhood Health Effects Research: Strengthening Causal Inference and Promoting Translation

Nicole M. Schmidt, Quynh C. Nguyen, and Theresa L. Osypuk

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190843496
eISBN:
9780190843533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843496.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter primarily discusses experiments and quasi-experiments (also known as natural experiments) as designs for examining the causal effect of neighborhood environments on health. The first ... More


Sleep and pain

Nicole K. Y. Tang, Esther F. Afolalu, and Fatanah Ramlee

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Pain and sleeplessness are two of the commonest reasons for primary care appointments. The prevalence of each problem alone is high, and to add to the complexity, pain and insomnia frequently ... More


The Rise and Fall of Clinical Teaching

J. Donald Boudreau, Eric J. Cassell, and Abraham Fuks

in Physicianship and the Rebirth of Medical Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199370818
eISBN:
9780190874377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199370818.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An operational definition of clinical teaching is proposed. “Bedside teaching,” a characteristic feature of academic medicine since the end of the nineteenth century, has almost disappeared. ... More


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