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Physiological integration of innate immunity

David Schneider

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Understanding how insect immunity is regulated requires studying the interactions of all those aspects of physiology that impact immunity. This includes both resistance and tolerance aspects of ... More


In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


The Immune Response to Infectious Disease: All Out War!

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the body's response to disease caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, or other microbes. The fundamental response is based on inflammation, which is mediated by the ... More


First Defense: The Immune System and Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

During the first 48–72 hours of a bioterrorist attack using pathogenic microbes, the immune system will be our primary means of defense against potentially fatal disease. This chapter looks at the ... More


The natural history of defences

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198832140
eISBN:
9780191870873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832140.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Hosts can avoid infections by behavioural changes and by body walls. After infection, hosts can change their behaviours to reduce the effects of parasitism. Immune defences have different arms ... More


Echinoderm diseases and pathologies

L. Courtney Smith, S. Anne Boettgerm, Maria Byrne, Andreas Heyland, Diana L. Lipscombe, Audrey J. Majeske, Jonathan P. Rast, Nicholas W. Schuh, Linsheng Song, Ghada Tafesh-Edwards, Lingling Wang, Zhuang Xue, and Zichao Yu

in Invertebrate Pathology

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198853756
eISBN:
9780191888182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853756.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Animal Biology

Echinoderms are basal deuterostomes and the sister phylum to the chordates. All are marine animals with effective and robust innate immunity. Echinoderms are host to diseases in both larvae and ... More


Rapid evolution of innate immune response genes

Brian P. Lazzaro and Andrew G. Clark

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The opportunity for arms-race evolution between host and pathogens is one reason why genes involved in immune functions are often rapidly evolving. Innate immune systems lack the degree of pathogen ... More


Diseases of chelicerates

Christopher J. Coates

in Invertebrate Pathology

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198853756
eISBN:
9780191888182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853756.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Animal Biology

Chelicerates represent one of the oldest and second most speciose groups within the Phylum Arthropoda. Often referred to as ‘living fossils’, extant chelicerates inhabit terrestrial and aquatic ... More


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