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The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Cailin O'Connor

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The central aim of this book is to explore the ways in which social categories—especially gender, but also categories like race and religion—interact with and contribute to social solutions to ... More


Conclusion

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, I briefly summarize the main messages of the book. Gender can emerge to solve coordination problems. This sets the stage for the emergence of inequitable roles. Social categories, ... More


Evolution and Revolution

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at a cluster of topics centered on the question: what can be done about inequitable conventions of resource division between social categories? First, the chapter outlines which ... More


Social Categories, Coordination, and Inequity

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows why social categories provide solutions to certain coordination problems. It begins with a description of what social categories are and how they function in human groups. The ... More


Cultural Evolution with Social Categories

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at evolutionary models capable of representing the emergence of conventions between actors in different social groups. From a starting point of uncoordinated behavior, groups move ... More


The Evolution of Gender

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter does two things. The first is to use the evolutionary framework developed to explain a particular feature of the gendered division of labor—that some aspects of it seem conventional, and ... More


The Cultural Red Queen and the Cultural Red King

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

When cultural groups evolve, or adapt, at different rates, or more generally show asymmetric levels of reactivity towards each other, we can observe a cultural Red King effect. This occurs when a ... More


Discrimination and Homophily

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The goal of this chapter is to use the framework developed thus far in the book to address the question: how do discriminatory conventions and norms influence patterns of interaction? In particular, ... More


The Evolution of Household Bargaining

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter first presents an explicitly evolutionary model of the emergence of coordination in modern households. The chapter shows why certain conditions might favor market labor for one gender ... More


Inequities in Cities and in Urban Health

Ben Brisbois, Patricia O’Campo, and Janisha Kamalanathan

in Urban Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190915858
eISBN:
9780190915889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915858.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

As cities grow and thrive, urban populations have access to more resources and better health than has ever been the case in human history. However, at the same time, the material gaps between the ... More


Moral Obligation from the Outside In

Neil Roughley

in The Normative Animal?: On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral, and Linguistic Norms

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190846466
eISBN:
9780190846497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190846466.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents an analysis of moral obligation, proceeding from the assumption that the decisive facts can only have resulted from the development of psychological structures specific to the ... More


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