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Chinese Visions of Family and State, 1915-1953

Susan Glosser

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227293
eISBN:
9780520926394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227293.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

At the dawn of the twentieth century, China's sovereignty was fragile at best. In the face of international pressure and domestic upheaval, young urban radicals—desperate for reforms that would save ... More


Zhang Taiyan's Concept of the Individual and Modern Chinese Identity

Hui Wang

in Becoming Chinese: Passages to Modernity and Beyond

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520219236
eISBN:
9780520924413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520219236.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter re-examines the political and philosophical ideas of Zhang Taiyan and addresses the question concerning the place of the individual in modern Chinese political thinking. It argues that ... More


The Power of Mahjong

Di Wang

in The Teahouse under Socialism: The Decline and Renewal of Public Life in Chengdu, 1950-2000

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501715488
eISBN:
9781501715556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715488.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter brings out conflicts among neighbors, examines the role of the Residential Committee in the neighborhood, observes the responses of the municipal government and official media concerning ... More


The Maria Luz Incident: Personal Rights and International Justice for Chinese Coolies and Japanese Prostitutes

Douglas Howland

in Gender and Law in the Japanese Imperium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837150
eISBN:
9780824869472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837150.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores a seminal moment in the history of modern prostitution. In 1871, when one of the Chinese coolies from the Peruvian cargo ship, the Maria Luz, ran away to seek asylum, his plight ... More


Gender in the Arena of the Courts: The Prosecution of Abortion and Infanticide in Early Meiji Japan

Susan L. Burns

in Gender and Law in the Japanese Imperium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837150
eISBN:
9780824869472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837150.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces the history of abortion law from the early modern period and analyzes trial records of abortion and infanticide cases from the 1870s and 1880s in order to intervene in the debate ... More


Nine

Fukuzawa Yukichi and Nishikawa Shunsaku

in An Encouragement of Learning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167147
eISBN:
9780231536615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167147.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter presents the English translation of Section 9 of Fukuzawa Yukichi’s text Gakumon no susume (An Encouragement of Learning). Here Fukuzawa distinguishes between the functions of individual ... More


Introduction

Philip C. Brown

in Cultivating Commons: Joint Ownership of Arable Land in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833923
eISBN:
9780824871710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833923.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter asserts that even though many early modern Japanese villages (ca. 1580–1868) failed to adopt anything like private individual landownership, these places still experienced ... More


Individual Agency and Universal, Centralized Authority in Early Mohist Writings

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the early Mohist rhetoric on upward conformity to ascertain their views on the limits and parameters of individual agency and autonomous decision-making powers. By exploring ... More


Centralizing Control: The Politics of Bodily Conformism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

In recent years, scholars have begun focusing on the relationships among the body, space, and the cosmic ideal of spiritual attainment in early China. This chapter adds to these seminal accounts by ... More


Decentralizing Control and Naturalizing Cosmic Agency: Bodily Conformism and Individualism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines fourth-century BCE writings that address bodily conformism at a more universal level. Zhuangzi in particular spoke of spiritual attainment in terms of the relatively ... More


Two Prongs of the Debate: Bodily Agencies vs. Claims for Institutional Controls

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines debates about xing dating from the third and second centuries BCE. These debates generally presented two basic orientations on human agency: “internal,” individualistic ... More


Servants of the Self and Empire: Institutionally Controlled Individualism at the Dawn of a New Era

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines writings from the third through second centuries BCE that idealize both the natural, internal sources of authority and institutional, external controls in society. By adapting ... More


Conclusion

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book outlined a variety of beliefs that support the power and agency of the individual in one way or another, as ... More


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