Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 28 items for:

  • Keywords: individuals x
  • Evolutionary Biology / Genetics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

PRACTICING SCIENCE: An Overview

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 1 presents an overview of the two central activities of the scientific process: discovery (learning new things about the world) and credibility (convincing other researchers that the new ... More


CREDIBILITY: Validating Discovery Claims

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 3 describes how, through the credibility process, the individual's mine, here, now transforms into the community's anyone, anywhere, anytime. The possibility of credible knowledge represents ... More


Chemical communication in societies of rodents

Jane L. Hurst and Robert J. Beynon

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Scents play a central role in rodent societies, communicating information about identity (species, sex, individual, kinship) and status (social, reproductive, health, age). This requires the ... More


The Long Shadow of Metaphysics on Research Programs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the implications of homology as a scientifically credible concept for the metaphysics of evolutionary biology, that is, the question of whether such words as “characters” can ... More


The Body Politic

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how cell theory revolutionized the concept of the individual. A plant or an animal was no longer conceived of as a singular entity constructed out of cellular tissue. What was ... More


Subindividual Variability as an Individual Property: The Haldane-Roy conjecture is verified and extended: individual plants have not only their characteristic means, but also their characteristic standard deviations and characteristic spatial patterns of within-plant variation.

Carlos M. Herrera

in Multiplicity in Unity: Plant Subindividual Variation and Interactions with Animals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226327938
eISBN:
9780226327952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226327952.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter articulates subindividual variability as an individual property in the format of the Haldane-Roy conjecture that describes within-plant variability in organ characteristics denoting a ... More


Speciation and Adaptation: Large-Scale Patterns in the Evolution of Life, 1972–

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter deals with the efforts to reinvent the concepts focusing on the origin of discrete species, which implies that these concepts must be essentially right. The 1970s and 1980s witnessed the ... More


Recombination reshuffles the genotypic deck, thus accelerating the rate of evolution

Mihai Albu, Amir R. Kermany, and Donal A. Hickey

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the effects of genetic recombination in a multi-locus system. It suggests that the main benefit of recombination is that it helps to alleviate the ‘curse of dimensionality’ that ... More


Natural Selection During Mammalian Pregnancy

John C. Avise

in Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160605
eISBN:
9780231531450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160605.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores natural selection and its effects on mammalian intergenerational reproduction. Natural selection is more likely to influence three mammalian gestational phenomena: delayed ... More


Sex allocation

Jan Komdeur

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews various social and ecological circumstances linked to parental care that could drive variation in adaptive sex allocation in of vertebrates. The most extreme and precise sex ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the history of metapopulation studies from the introduction of the term by Levins in 1970 to its investigation in a variety of field, theoretical and laboratory systems. The ... More


What Is Group Selection?

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In this chapter, the efficacy of group selection and the debates over it role, if any, in natural populations is discussed from the perspective of two different contexts. One debate is centered on ... More


Group Selection in the 1970s

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the dawn of kin selection and its perception as an alternative to group selection in the early 1970ies. Maynard Smith’s distinction between individual and group selection and ... More


Experimental Studies of Wright’s Shifting Balance Theory

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of the ecological and the genetic basis for Sewall Wright’s Shifting Balance Theory. It also relays discussions of the author with Wright about how to ... More


Beyond the Shifting Balancing Theory

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents the results of crosses between beetles from high and low reproducing populations in relation to the fitness landscape of flour beetle laboratory populations. The chapter ... More


Quantifying individual differences in dispersal using net squared displacement

Luca Börger and John Fryxell

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter endeavours to present a new approach for modelling animal dispersal, based on net squared displacement statistics combined with a non-linear hierarchical modelling framework. It allows ... More


Temporal variation in dispersal kernels in a metapopulation of the bog fritillary butterfly (Boloria eunomia)

Nicolas Schtickzelle, Camille Turlure, and Michel Baguette

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter aims to quantify the temporal variation existing in the dispersal kernel by making the kernels comparable. Variation of dispersal kernels in time has received less attention, even if ... More


Dispersal and climate change: a review of theory

Justin M. J. Travis and Calvin Dytham

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on how models of dispersal can improve our understanding, prediction, and management of species' range shifts under environmental change. Most models of species distribution and ... More


The Future as Synthesis

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

in Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The conviction that we stand before an epochal breakthrough with revolutionary possibilities has accompanied every technological vision. Yet we must not lose sight of the power to persist and the ... More


Individual Variation and Selection on Hormone-Mediated Phenotypes in Male and Female Dark-Eyed Juncos

Kristal Cain, Jodie M. Jawor, and Joel W. McGlothlin

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Much of our knowledge of hormones and life histories in animals derives from experimental studies. Complementing experiments with studies of natural (co)variation in hormones and hormone-mediated ... More


View: