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How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Leif Lewin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is it self‐interest or public interest that dominates in public life? Rational‐choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research were all used to answer this question. Analysing existing ... More


Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Colin M. Macleod

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents a systemic and definitive critique of Ronald Dworkin's highly influential theory of liberal equality. Focusing on the connection Dworkin attempts to establish between economic ... More


Corporate Governance: What Can Be Learned From Japan?

Simon Learmount

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269082
eISBN:
9780191719257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269082.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This book explores current thinking on corporate governance by way of a detailed study of the governance practices of fourteen Japanese companies. The author of this book was granted extensive access ... More


Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Franck Courchamp, Ludek Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Allee effects are broadly defined as a decline in individual fitness at low population size or density, that can result in critical population thresholds below which populations crash to extinction. ... More


Conclusion

Andrew Altman and Christopher Heath Wellman

in A Liberal Theory of International Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199564415
eISBN:
9780191721434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564415.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the book's argument. It has argued that legitimate states have a moral right to self-determination and that this right is inherently collective to “groups” or “societies”, ... More


Narrowing the Micro and Macro: A Psychological Perspective on Reparations in Societies in Transition

Brandon Hamber

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This paper focuses on the relationship between the individual (micro) and the collective (macro) dimensions of reparations, highlighting the gaps and confluences between the two by focusing on ... More


The Heritage

Rabindra Ray

in The Naxalites and their Ideology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077381
eISBN:
9780199081011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077381.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter argues that the meaning the doctrine of the Naxalites appears to have for non-believers is different from what it had for the believers. This is patently indicated by the programme of ... More


Beyond Idols: The Shape of a Secular Society

Richard K. Fenn

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143690
eISBN:
9780199834174
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143698.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Explores the possibilities for a secular society. Such a society is radically open to its environment, to a wide range of opportunities and dangers, and it is therefore agnostic about the boundaries ... More


Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

I. M. D. Little

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Studies the three interfaces of ethics, economics, and politics. Any well‐considered view of the most desirable role for the state in various aspects of our lives implies some serious thinking about ... More


Conclusion

Romila Thapar

in Aśoka and the Decline of the Mauryas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077244
eISBN:
9780199081073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.003.0032
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the reign of Aśoka Maurya and the collapse of the Mauryan dynasty. It describes the place of Aśoka against the background of the third century ... More


Liberalism and Prostitution

Peter de Marneffe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Civil libertarians characterize prostitution as a “victimless crime,” and argue that it ought to be legalized. Feminist critics counter that prostitution is not victimless, since it harms the people ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Summarizes the main findings and discusses how social interactions can be used to extend the rational and individual‐centred approach of economists with social norms, bounded rationality, social ... More


Group-to-Individual Problem-Solving Transfer

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group-to-individual problem-solving transfer, the effect of experience in cooperative group problem solving on subsequent individual problem solving by the group members. Both ... More


Rationality Writ Large

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A committee's passing a resolution may be rational or irrational. Groups of people perform acts that are evaluable for rationality. This observation raises two philosophical questions: What makes a ... More


Citizenship Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Analysis

Joe Foweraker and Todd Landman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199240463
eISBN:
9780191696831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240463.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Collective action in modern history has come to be defined by people fighting for their rights. This study identifies the main connections made between collective action and individual rights, in ... More


The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The general assumption that social policy should be utilitarian—that society should be organized to yield the greatest level of welfare—leads inexorably to increased government interventions. ... More


The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Edward A. Zelinsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

President Bush's vision of an “ownership society” continues the process of the last three decades by which the defined contribution paradigm has become the primary framework for retirement savings ... More


Aspirations, Poverty, and Economic Change

Debraj Ray

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay discusses a particular aspect of poverty: its close and brutal association with a failure of aspirations. This is not an assertion about individuals who are poor; it is a statement about ... More


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