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Procedural Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians such as Nozick and Hayek define justice in procedural terms. Nozick takes for granted the liberal idea of property, but in fact this is historically contingent and other conceptions of ... More


Government and Markets

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter has as its main focus the nature and scope of markets in neo‐liberal thought. The first part of the chapter looks at the critique of economic planning of the economy and of government ... More


The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Michael L. Frazer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although known as “the age of reason,” the eighteenth century was actually an era in which many leading moral and political philosophers placed equal emphasis on feeling. While Enlightenment ... More


Hume’s Free-Standing Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that Hume provides a free-standing ethics built from a psychologically holistic account of moral reflection. The chapter begins with Hume’s description of how sympathy gives rise ... More


Hume’s Conservative Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Since reflective sentimentalism begins from the social-psychological forces which are responsible for our accepting the norms and standards that we do, one might reasonably worry that sentimentalism ... More


Adam Smith’s Liberal Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter elucidates the main ways in which Adam Smith’s sentimentalist theory of justice departs from Hume’s. It begins with an objection to grounding political commitments in sympathetic ... More


Natural Rights and Their Critics

DAVID BOUCHER

in The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and Human Rights in Transition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199203529
eISBN:
9780191695490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203529.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses 18th-century criticism on natural rights from the political and philosophical perspectives. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume, and Edmund Burke were the major critics of ... More


Hayek's Liberal Inheritance

Chandran Kukathas

in Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273264
eISBN:
9780191684029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273264.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Hayek's liberal inheritance in the thought of David Hume and Kant. As political philosophers, Hume and Kant contrast sharply with each other. While both these thinkers of the ... More


Individualism and Social Theory

Chandran Kukathas

in Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273264
eISBN:
9780191684029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273264.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Hayek's social theory of individualism. It identifies the distinct elements of Hayek's individualism and evaluates the strength of his social theory. Just as Hume's philosophy ... More


A View of the Hard Labour Bill and the Penitentiary Act of 1779

Janet Semple

in Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273875
eISBN:
9780191684074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273875.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses Jeremy Bentham's legislative pamphlet titled A View of the Hard Labour Bill and the passage of the Penitentiary Act of 1779 in England. The pamphlet is often dismissed as part ... More


Introduction

Christopher Pierson

in Just Property: A History in the Latin West. Volume One: Wealth, Virtue, and the Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199673285
eISBN:
9780191756184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673285.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Introduction suggests why a detailed understanding of the history of thinking about private property is crucial to making sense of one of the central political problems of our time: intensifying ... More


Toward a Revised History of Modesty and Humility

Julie E. Cooper

in Secular Powers: Humility in Modern Political Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226081298
eISBN:
9780226081328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226081328.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter offers a revisionist history of modesty and humility in modernity, challenging the standard story, pioneered by David Hume, of humility’s modern demise. After surveying a variety of ... More


The Scottish Enlightenment

Christopher Pierson

in Just Property: Volume Two: Enlightenment, Revolution, and History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199673292
eISBN:
9780191840067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673292.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides a critical guide to key innovations in property thinking in the most important figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, focusing above all on the work of David Hume and Adam ... More


Tensional Motion

Thomas Nail

in Being and Motion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190908904
eISBN:
9780190908942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908904.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Beginning around the fifth century CE, alongside the decline of the Roman Empire and the increasing decentralization of political power in the West, a new regime of motion began to take hold: ... More


What Can We Know?

Nicholas Greenwood Onuf

in The Mightie Frame: Epochal Change and the Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190879808
eISBN:
9780190879839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879808.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

To cast the story of modernity and its epochs as a story about conditions of thought in relation to conditions of rule, this book offers a philosophical memoir in place of a theoretical framework, ... More


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