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Moral Sentimentalism

Michael Slote

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There has been a great deal of interest in moral sentimentalism in recent years, but most of that interest has been exclusively either in metaethical questions about the meaning of moral terms or in ... More


Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

John Bricke

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a philosophical study of the theory of mind and morality that David Hume developed in his Treatise of Human Nature and other writings. The chief elements in this theory of mind are Hume's ... More


Introduction

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Absence of agreement on the most fundamental questions concerning the interpretation of David Hume's views on mind and morality complements an utter absence of agreement as to the soundness of his ... More


Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of essays, written between 1957 and 1977, contains discussions of the moral philosophy of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, and some modern philosophers. It presents ... More


Shaping the Normative Landscape

David Owens

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book affirms the value of obligations and of rights, of forgiveness, of consent and refusal, of promise and request. These are all instruments by which we exercise control over our normative ... More


Introduction

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets the stage for a discussion of blame by asking how a world that did not contain it would differ from our world. The chapter poses the problems that the remainder of the book attempts ... More


When Good People Do Bad Things

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the Humean thesis that agents can only be blamed for their bad acts insofar as those acts are manifestations of defects in their characters. Several versions of this thesis are ... More


The Structure of Blameworthy Action

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter exploits the insight that emerged in the previous chapter — that a bad act may be rooted in an agent’s character without manifesting a defect in that character — to explain how an act’s ... More


Evaluations of Rationality

Sigrún Svavarsdóttir

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter works from the guiding idea that rationality is the excellence of a rational agent qua rational, and goes on to defend a neo-Humean conception of evaluations of theoretical and practical ... More


The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Christine M. Korsgaard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a collection of ten papers on practical reason and moral psychology. Part 1 defends the view that the principles of practical reason are constitutive principles of action. By governing ... More


Introduction

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter summarizes the themes of the book. It explains the general idea of self-constitution: that we constitute our agency by choosing our actions in accordance with the principles ... More


The Normativity of Instrumental Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most philosophers think it uncontroversial that practical reason requires us to take the means to our ends, but have been silent about the normative foundation of this requirement. The interesting ... More


Introduction

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the primary purpose of this book, which is reveal aspects of Hume's program in moral philosophy that have not been noticed, showing him to ... More


Our Common Reading of Hume's Metaethics

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter sketches a shared understanding of Hume's metaethics that most philosophers today have absorbed in their training on that subject, parts of which have been elaborated and defended by a ... More


The Causes of Motivating Passions

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers two ways to interpret Hume's understanding of the roles of pleasure and pain, desire and aversion, in the production of motivating passions and so of actions. Its upshot is ... More


Reason Alone and Moral Discrimination

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a new account of why Hume thinks reason alone cannot be a motive to the will, and a new explanation of his claim that moral distinctions are not derived from reason. ‘Reason’ for ... More


Feeling Virtue and the Reality of Moral Distinctions

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers whether Hume is a moral realist or anti-realist, and presents the moral sensing view as an interpretation of his positive theory of moral judgment. On the moral sensing view ... More


The Common Point of View

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how an emotion-based theory of moral discrimination, one that in many ways assimilates moral cognition to color sensation, can explain the fundamental expectation ... More


The Difficulty with the Virtue of Honesty

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the problem of circularity that Hume claims to find when he attempts to analyze the character trait of honesty with respect to property. It offers an explanation of the paradox ... More


Fidelity to Promises and the Peculiar Act of the Mind

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the artificial virtue of fidelity to promises and contracts. The problem with fidelity is that if we understand it as a natural rather than a conventionally created virtue, we ... More


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