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Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

D.C. Stove

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This book aims to discuss probability and David Hume's inductive scepticism. For the sceptical view which he took of inductive inference, Hume only ever gave one argument. That argument is the sole ... More


Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

George Molnar

Stephen Mumford (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book sees that the solution to a number of the problems of contemporary philosophy lies in the development of an alternative to Hume's metaphysics. This alternative would have real causal powers ... More


Introduction: Object and Plan of the Book

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the main results of the evaluation of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. The sceptical conclusion of Hume's argument is false. It rests on a certain identifiable ... More


Reasons and Experience

Alan Millar

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242703
eISBN:
9780191680540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242703.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

There is a tendency in current philosophical thought to treat sensory experiences as a peculiar species of propositional attitude. This book argues against this view. While allowing that experiences ... More


Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for a reflective virtue epistemology based on a kind of virtuous circularity that may be found explicitly or just below the surface in the epistemological writings of Descartes, ... More


The Puzzle of Experience

J. J. Valberg

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242918
eISBN:
9780191680625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242918.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we reason in a certain way about our experience, we are driven to the conclusion that what is present to us — the object of our experience — is something that exists only in so far as it is ... More


Actuality

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter briefly discusses actuality and some objections to this concept. It quotes David Hume, who says that manifested powers are identical with their manifestations. Another defence of ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


Philosophers Past and Present: Selected Essays

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608591
eISBN:
9780191729621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores central issues and ideas in the work of individual philosophers, ranging from Descartes, Berkeley, Locke, and Hume to Quine, Burge, McDowell, Goldman, Fogelin, and Sosa in our own ... More


“A Small Tincture of Pyrrhonism”: Skepticism and Naturalism in Hume's Science of Man

Don Garrett

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay distinguishes varieties of skepticism along six dimensions. It argues that Hume is unmitigated in his rational support skepticism and in his prescriptive skepticism about certain “high and ... More


The Imperfect Reality of Persons

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Concealed Art of the Soul: Theories of Self and Practices of Truth in Indian Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202416
eISBN:
9780191708558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202416.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the claim of early Buddhists, especially Vasubandhu and Abhidharma, to espouse reductionism as a theory of personal identity. A comparison of the Buddhist no-self theory with ... More


Causation, Counterfactuals, and the Third Factor

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the attempt to analyse causation in terms of counterfactuals is wrong-headed in a way that no amount of fine-tuning can fix. Causation is not to be analysed in terms of ... More


The Whole Ball of Wax

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the commonality in the preceding chapters. It is argued that the non-Humean package is an alternative account that runs into no logical, methodological, and or scientific ... More


Hume's Epistemological Divide in the Treatise

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an outline of the structure of Hume's epistemology, as presented in the first two sections of Part III of the first book of the Treatise. Whereas in the more familiar discussion ... More


Is Conceivability a Guide to Possibility?

Stephen Yablo

in Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question of what conceivability is. It proposes an account that locates conceivability proper with respect to various subscripted impostors; makes for a revealing contrast ... More


David Hume: Objects and Power

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


Epistemology, Semantics, Ontology, and David Hume

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


Its Structure and Content

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter covers the structure and content of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. It begins by addressing the preliminary textual identification of the argument. It considers the ... More


Its Suppressed Premisses

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with the suppressed premisses of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. If there is anything about this argument of Hume which is more admirable than its content, it is ... More


Its Further Interpretation and Generalization

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter reviews the further interpretation and generalization of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. It first introduces the nature of Hume's predictive-inductive scepticism. It also ... More


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