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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Thomas Holden

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book presents an historical and critical interpretation of Hume's rejection of the existence of a deity with moral attributes. It argues that in Hume's view no first cause or designer ... More


Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

D.C. Stove

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This book aims to discuss probability and David Hume's inductive scepticism. For the sceptical view which he took of inductive inference, Hume only ever gave one argument. That argument is the sole ... More


Moral Sentimentalism

Michael Slote

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There has been a great deal of interest in moral sentimentalism in recent years, but most of that interest has been exclusively either in metaethical questions about the meaning of moral terms or in ... More


Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This work is a narrative study of the interactions between Hume's naturalism and his skepticism as they unfold in the Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. More ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

Stephen Buckle

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240945
eISBN:
9780191680304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this book, the author provides a historical perspective on the political philosophies of Locke and Hume, arguing that there are continuities in the development of 17th- and 18th-century political ... More


The Puzzle of Experience

J. J. Valberg

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242918
eISBN:
9780191680625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242918.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we reason in a certain way about our experience, we are driven to the conclusion that what is present to us — the object of our experience — is something that exists only in so far as it is ... More


Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

George Molnar

Stephen Mumford (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book sees that the solution to a number of the problems of contemporary philosophy lies in the development of an alternative to Hume's metaphysics. This alternative would have real causal powers ... More


Introduction: Object and Plan of the Book

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the main results of the evaluation of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. The sceptical conclusion of Hume's argument is false. It rests on a certain identifiable ... More


Reasons and Experience

Alan Millar

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242703
eISBN:
9780191680540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242703.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

There is a tendency in current philosophical thought to treat sensory experiences as a peculiar species of propositional attitude. This book argues against this view. While allowing that experiences ... More


Hume Variations

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199287338
eISBN:
9780191700439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book looks to David Hume for help in advancing our understanding of the mind. The book claims his Treatise of Human Nature as the foundational document of cognitive science: it launched the ... More


Last Words

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that for Hume, contexts in which radically skeptical doubts emerge and contexts in which our beliefs are generated by natural instincts are not discrete, isolated domains. Each ... More


Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for a reflective virtue epistemology based on a kind of virtuous circularity that may be found explicitly or just below the surface in the epistemological writings of Descartes, ... More


. Afterword

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses a number of proposed analogies and propositions made in relation to theistic and scientific reasoning. The arguments presented in this book, along with remarks by Hume and ... More


Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

John Bricke

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a philosophical study of the theory of mind and morality that David Hume developed in his Treatise of Human Nature and other writings. The chief elements in this theory of mind are Hume's ... More


Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

David Miller

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book was written with three aims in mind. The first was to provide a reasonably concise account of Hume's social and political thought that might help students coming to it for the first time. ... More


Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Colin Howson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is an extended discussion of Hume's famous sceptical argument that we have no reason to believe that the future will resemble the past. In the context of scientific methodology, this ... More


Coda: ‘Of Miracles’

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The coda discusses Hume's famous account of miracles in the Enquiry, and his criterion for belief in miracles, and shows that it amounts to a simple argument in the probability calculus.


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