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Morality and Political Obligation

Andres Rosler

in Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251506
eISBN:
9780191602306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251509.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Since in this study political obligation is conceived of as a moral requirement to comply with the dictates of political authority, the notion of morality and/or moral obligation should be fairly ... More


EUDAIMONIA AND PRACTICAL RATIONALITY

PAUL BLOOMFIELD

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The two most prominent modern theories of practical rationality, the Humean and the Kantian, both fall prey to what Sidgwick calls ‘the fundamental dualism of practical rationality’. Hume ... More


Virtue and Goodness

Julia Annas

in Intelligent Virtue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199228782
eISBN:
9780191725524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228782.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Virtues are distinguished from other traits of character by commitment to goodness because it is goodness; this explains the special admiration we feel for the virtuous rather than the merely ... More


Mill, Moral Sentimentalism, and the Cultivation of Virtue

Julia Driver

in Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199967421
eISBN:
9780190219611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199967421.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter explores Mill’s views on the cultivation of character in light of his commitment to certain features of moral sentimentalism. Mill, unlike Bentham, was influenced by the sentimentalists ... More


Self-Knowledge and Self-Deception in Modern Moral Philosophy

Aaron Garrett

in Self-Knowledge: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190226411
eISBN:
9780190226442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226411.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter outlines what I refer to as the self-knowledge tradition: that we can attain self-knowledge via our natural reason, that the attainment of self-knowledge is a key goal of philosophy, and ... More


Pyrrhonian Skepticism and Humean Skepticism: Belief, Evidence, and Causal Power

Don Garrett

in Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190946302
eISBN:
9780190946333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Richard Popkin famously argued that David Hume “maintained the only consistent Pyrrhonian point of view”; yet Hume explicitly rejected Pyrrhonism, as he understood it, in favor of a mitigated ... More


The First Riddle of Induction: Sextus Empiricus and the Formal Learning Theorists

Justin Vlasits

in Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190946302
eISBN:
9780190946333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

What, exactly, is puzzling about induction? While the so-called problem of induction is normally introduced through David Hume’s famous argument, this essay shows how Sextus Empiricus gets to the ... More


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