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Smoking, hormone concentrations, and endometrial cancer

Paul D. Terry, Thomas E. Rohan, and Elisabete Weiderpass

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and an endometrial cancer risk, and changes in urinary hormone concentrations that may underlie this smoking-cancer association. The available ... More


Epidemiologic Theory Counts: Harm, Knowledge, Action, and the People’s Health

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 8 analyzes how people's health has been harmed—or helped—depending on epidemiologic theory employed. For “harm,” case examples are: (1) hormone therapy, cardiovascular disease, and breast ... More


Endocrine pathways in differential well-being across the life course

Carol M. Worthman

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a survey of endocrine axes (gonadal, adrenal, thyroid, adiposal) to show how mediating pathways operate. Hormones are central agents in the pathways to differential well-being: ... More


Exogenous Hormones

JAMES V. LACEY, GRAHAM A. COLDITZ, and DAVID SCHOTTENFELD

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All ... More


Menopause and gynaecological disorders: a life course perspective

Rebecca Hardy and Diana Kuh

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the factors at each stage of life that affect timing of the menopause, common urogenital disorders and the decision to have a hysterectomy, and the level of symptomatology ... More


Colorectal Cancer

John D. Potter and David Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There is substantial evidence that colorectal cancer is, after lung cancer, one of the most preventable of the common cancers. Increased BMI among men along with a sedentary lifestyle among both ... More


Endometrial Cancer

Immaculata Devivo, Ingemar Persson, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endometrial cancer occurs mostly after the menopause and has an excellent prognosis. The age-standardized incidence varies at least ten-fold across countries, suggesting the strong influence of ... More


Prostate Cancer

Lorelei A. Mucci, Lisa B. Signorello, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Since prostate cancer began to attract more epidemiologic interest in the 1980s, numerous etiologic clues have been identified, and areas are now emerging as promising in the search for causes of ... More


Endometrial Cancer

Marta Crous-Bou, Immaculata de Vivo, and Pagona Lagiou

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Lifestyle factors contribute appreciably to endometrial cancer risk, with obesity accounting for over one-third of incident cases in high-income societies. Unlike cervical cancer, which is a model of ... More


Breast Cancer

Rulla Tamimi, Susan Hankinson, and Pagona Lagiou

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Most of the established reproductive risk factors for breast cancer, like age at menarche or parity, are not appropriate for public health intervention. Several lines of evidence, like the ... More


Ovarian Cancer

Penelope M. Webb, Susan J. Jordan, and David J. Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Apart from oral contraceptive use and, possibly, breastfeeding, there are few readily modifiable risk factors for ovarian cancer. There is little evidence for a role of diet while smoking appears to ... More


Obesity and Body Composition

NaNa Keum, Mingyang Song, Edward L. Giovannucci, and A. Heather Eliassen

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In 2014, an estimated 1.9 billion adults worldwide were either overweight (BMI 25–29.9) or obese (BMI ≥30). The so-called obesity epidemic began in high-income, English-speaking countries in the ... More


Hormones and Cancer

Robert N. Hoover, Amanda Black, and Rebecca Troisi

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Hormones are highly biologically active endogenous compounds that control the growth, development, physiology, and homeostasis of numerous organ systems. Because of this, they have long been thought ... More


Breast Cancer

Louise A. Brinton, Mia M. Gaudet, and Gretchen L. Gierach

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide, with annual estimates of 1.7 million newly diagnosed cases and 522,000 deaths. Although more breast cancers are diagnosed in ... More


Ovarian Cancer

Shelley S. Tworoger, Amy L. Shafrir, and Susan E. Hankinson

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0046
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Worldwide, ovarian cancer is the seventh most commonly diagnosed cancer and the eighth most common cause of death from cancer. In 2012, 239,000 women were diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 152,000 ... More


Endometrial Cancer

Linda S. Cook, Angela L. W. Meisner, and Noel S. Weiss

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0047
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Endometrial cancer is rare among women of reproductive age, but in older women can occur at an annual rate of up to 50 –100 per 100,000. The incidence varies more than five-fold across regions of the ... More


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