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Bird Brains, Social Contact, and Song

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the evolution of bird brain, social contact, and birdsong. Communicative capabilities are widespread, whether in song or through other forms of intimate social contact. One ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Biological Factors and the Development of Persistent Criminality

Patrick Sylvers, Stacy R. Ryan, S. Amanda Alden, and Patricia A. Brennan

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter orients the reader to the current biological models of delinquent psychopathology and provides an overview of the biological literature; including heritability, psychophysiology, ... More


The Duality of Affiliative Motivation

Joel Weinberger, Tanya Cotler, and Daniel Fishman

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Affiliation motivation, unlike other implicit motives, seems to have a dual nature. There is a bright positive side and a dark negative side to this implicit motive. The former is best captured by ... More


The neuropsychology of endocrine disorders

David M. Erlanger, Geoffrey Tremont, and Jennifer Duncan Davis

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.30
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

A basic understanding of how endocrine dysfunction affects the central nervous system is important for a majority of cases referred for assessment by clinical neuropsychologists. Beyond playing a ... More


Hormonal effects on cognition in adults

Agneta Herlitz and Julie E. Yonker

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the search for biological influences on cognition, steroid hormones have proven to be engaging variables in psychological research for over two decades. Hormones have been claimed to influence a ... More


Understanding How Stress Affects the Physical Body

BRUCE S. RABIN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explains how psychological stress affects the brain, neuroendocrine system and ultimately, the cardiovascular and immune systems. A theoretical model is presented that details the ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Commentary on Part II The Inhibited Child “Syndrome”: Thoughts on Its Potential Pathogenesis and Sequelae

George P. Chrousos and Philip W.P. Gold

in Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195118872
eISBN:
9780199848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes fear and its neuroendocrine regulation. It specifically highlights the role of elevated cortisol and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the regulation of fear responses, ... More


The Natural Course of Shyness and Related Syndromes

Deborah C. Beidel and Samuel M. Turner

in Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195118872
eISBN:
9780199848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118872.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the influences of hormones on brain development and how these effects have implications for understanding the development of both shyness and disease. It reviews studies of ... More


Hormones

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses hormones in relation to psychopathy. Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream and bind to receptors in the brain and body. When hormones bind to ... More


Is Music an Evolutionary Adaptation?

David Huron

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter reviews the basic arguments related to evolutionary claims for music. In particular, it describes the theory of evolution by natural selection. Before entertaining some possible ... More


Intelligent Development

Ken Richardson

in Genes, Brains, and Human Potential: The Science and Ideology of Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231178426
eISBN:
9780231543767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178426.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Chapter 5 describes development as also an “intelligent” process, transforming an original “speck” of matter into bodies and brains of dazzling competencies and varieties, all utilizing a single ... More


Neural Foundations of Variability in Attachment

Allyson J. Bennett, William D. Hopkins, Ruth Feldman, Valeria Gazzola, Jay Giedd, Michael E. Lamb, Dirk Scheele, Margaret A. Sheridan, Stephen J. Suomi, Akemi Tomoda, and Nim Tottenham

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Neuroscience offers insight into processes that support the development of the social brain within the cultural contexts that permit attachment relationships to form. Both human and nonhuman animal ... More


Estrogen and Other Cognition-Enhancing Drugs

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the pros and cons of using estrogen and cognition-enhancing drugs in treating neuropsychiatric conditions, and presents health risks related to a decrease in estrogen levels in ... More


Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Barbara Demeneix

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

There is a global acceleration in the incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders. Numbers of children affected by an autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the United States has reached 1 in 88 (1 in 56 ... More


Thyroid Hormone, Iodine, Selenium, and Mercury

Barbara Demeneix

in Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

Iodine and selenium are required for the production and activation of thyroid hormone (TH). As TH is needed for brain development, iodine and selenium are required in the foetus and child and for ... More


Thyroid Hormone Signaling as a Target of Multiple Pollutants

Barbara Demeneix

in Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

This chapter provides a physiological framework for understanding why chemicals that interfere with thyroid hormone (TH) signaling are such a cause for concern. TH production, distribution, ... More


Examples of Chemical Pollution Targeting Thyroid Hormone Action

Barbara Demeneix

in Losing Our Minds: Effects of Chemical Pollution on the Intellectual Capacity and Mental Health of Future Generations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199917518
eISBN:
9780190232382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917518.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

Schematically, thyroid hormone (TH) structure is an iodinated pair of phenyl rings, resembling a pair of spectacles. The phenyl ring is an extremely versatile base for chemists to synthesize new ... More


The Neuroendocrine System and General Mechanisms of Endocrine Disruption

Heather B. Patisaul and Scott M. Belcher

in Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199935734
eISBN:
9780190678524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935734.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

The neuroendocrine system is the interface between the endocrine and nervous systems. This chapter presents an overview of the neuroendocrine system and endogenous hormones, with a primary focus on ... More


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