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Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and ... More


Immune and endocrine systems

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect in the immune and endocrine system is basically a conditioned response, whereby classical conditioning plays a key role. Conditioned immunosuppression affects a number of immune ... More


Marian Cleeves Diamond

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Marian Cleeves Diamond. Diamond's laboratory has three major scientific contributions: One, the structural components of the cerebral cortex can be altered ... More


The Sexual Animal

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the role of gonadal hormones in the reproductive life of mammals. Topics covered include hormonal activation of sexual behavior, hormonal organization of sexual behavior, ... More


Sex and the Animal Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex difference in the brain. Topics covered include sex differences in brain structure and neural ultrastructure, mechanisms of hormone action, sex differences in the cerebral ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: I. Melatonin, Thyroid Hormones, and Corticosteroids

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the impact of three nonpeptide hormones—melatonin, thyroid hormones, and glucocorticoids—on brain plasticity. Melatonin may modulate synaptic plasticity in the suprachiasmatic ... More


Engendering the Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. Gonadal hormone influences on human brain development and human behavior, and the implications of hormonal influences ... More


Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Luis Miguel García-Segura

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

One of the most fascinating developments in the field of neuroscience in the second half of the 20th century was the discovery of the endogenous capacity of the brain for reorganization during adult ... More


Brain Gender

Melissa Hines

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

How important are biological factors, such as hormones, in shaping our sexual destinies? This book brings social developmental, biological, and clinical psychological perspectives to bear on the ... More


Contexts and Ethology of Vertebrate Aggression: Implications for the Evolution of Hormone-Behavior Interactions

John C. Wingfield, Ignacio T. Moore, Wolfgang Goymann, Douglas W. Wacker, and Todd Sperry

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins by discussing the types and contexts of vertebrate aggression and how it is controlled by the endocrine system. It then addresses hormone-aggression interactions and their ... More


Androgens and Aggression

Neal G. Simon and Shi-Fang Lu

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter utilizes conspecific, offensive aggression in males and females as model systems to exemplify androgenic influences on aggressive behavior. This form of aggression is a productive ... More


Stress and Aggressive Behaviors

D. Caroline Blanchard and Robert J. Blanchard

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter considers the relationships of stress to offensive and defensive aggression. It argues that stress defined in terms of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is relatively ... More


Is It a Girl or Is It a Boy?

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the processes that are involved in physical sexual differentiation. Topics covered include mechanisms of sexual differentiation, how hormones control sexual development, human ... More


Gonadal Hormones and Human Sexuality

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the relationship of core gender identity, sexual orientation, and libido to gonadal hormones. Data suggest that core gender identity and sexual orientation relate to the early ... More


Androgen and Aggression

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses hormonal influences on human aggression. It argues that there is little, if any, evidence supporting contributions of circulating levels of androgens in adulthood to human ... More


Androgen, Estrogen, and Cognition

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex differences in human cognitive function. Topics discussed include the impact of androgen on intelligence, influence of gonadal hormones on human cognitive development, ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Sex and the Human Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter describes what is known about the nature of differences in the brains of men and women, as well as their implications for human behaviors that show sex differences. Topics discussed ... More


Research and Methodological Issues in the Study of Sex Differences and Hormone-Behavior Relations

Lisa A. Eckel, Arthur P. Arnold, Elizabeth Hampson, Jill B. Becker, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a conceptual and methodological overview of relevant issues in sex differences/sexual differentiation research, and provides guidance to investigators studying the role of sex ... More


Methodological Issues in the Study of Hormone-Behavior Relations in Humans: Understanding and Monitoring the Menstrual Cycle

Elizabeth Hampson and Elizabeth A. Young

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a basic overview of the menstrual cycle, including a review of several factors than can influence hormone concentrations or the timing of the cycle. It briefly describes the ... More


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