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Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and ... More


The Sexual Animal

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the role of gonadal hormones in the reproductive life of mammals. Topics covered include hormonal activation of sexual behavior, hormonal organization of sexual behavior, ... More


Sex and the Animal Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex difference in the brain. Topics covered include sex differences in brain structure and neural ultrastructure, mechanisms of hormone action, sex differences in the cerebral ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: I. Melatonin, Thyroid Hormones, and Corticosteroids

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the impact of three nonpeptide hormones—melatonin, thyroid hormones, and glucocorticoids—on brain plasticity. Melatonin may modulate synaptic plasticity in the suprachiasmatic ... More


Engendering the Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. Gonadal hormone influences on human brain development and human behavior, and the implications of hormonal influences ... More


Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Luis Miguel García-Segura

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

One of the most fascinating developments in the field of neuroscience in the second half of the 20th century was the discovery of the endogenous capacity of the brain for reorganization during adult ... More


Brain Gender

Melissa Hines

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

How important are biological factors, such as hormones, in shaping our sexual destinies? This book brings social developmental, biological, and clinical psychological perspectives to bear on the ... More


Contexts and Ethology of Vertebrate Aggression: Implications for the Evolution of Hormone-Behavior Interactions

John C. Wingfield, Ignacio T. Moore, Wolfgang Goymann, Douglas W. Wacker, and Todd Sperry

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins by discussing the types and contexts of vertebrate aggression and how it is controlled by the endocrine system. It then addresses hormone-aggression interactions and their ... More


Androgens and Aggression

Neal G. Simon and Shi-Fang Lu

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter utilizes conspecific, offensive aggression in males and females as model systems to exemplify androgenic influences on aggressive behavior. This form of aggression is a productive ... More


Stress and Aggressive Behaviors

D. Caroline Blanchard and Robert J. Blanchard

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter considers the relationships of stress to offensive and defensive aggression. It argues that stress defined in terms of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is relatively ... More


Is It a Girl or Is It a Boy?

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the processes that are involved in physical sexual differentiation. Topics covered include mechanisms of sexual differentiation, how hormones control sexual development, human ... More


Gonadal Hormones and Human Sexuality

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the relationship of core gender identity, sexual orientation, and libido to gonadal hormones. Data suggest that core gender identity and sexual orientation relate to the early ... More


Androgen and Aggression

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses hormonal influences on human aggression. It argues that there is little, if any, evidence supporting contributions of circulating levels of androgens in adulthood to human ... More


Androgen, Estrogen, and Cognition

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex differences in human cognitive function. Topics discussed include the impact of androgen on intelligence, influence of gonadal hormones on human cognitive development, ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Sex and the Human Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter describes what is known about the nature of differences in the brains of men and women, as well as their implications for human behaviors that show sex differences. Topics discussed ... More


The Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a brief review of a mass of data widely accepted in the scientific world concerning the neuroendocrinology of behavior. Although a dense array of technical points is presented, ... More


Biological Determinism of Sexual Orientation in Animals

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Unlike other aspects of human sexuality that have no equivalent in the animal, sexual orientation can be easily studied in animals. The test animal can be offered a choice between a male or female ... More


The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Activating Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter argues that sexual motivation in humans and animals is essentially the result of the action of sex steroids on the brain and in particular on preoptic, hypothalamic, and limbic ... More


A Historical and Personal Perspective on the Aromatization Revolution: Steinach Confirmed 1

Per Södersten

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

About a hundred years ago, transplantation of gonads to hosts of the opposite sex was reported to cause behavioral sex reversal and when synthetic androgens and estrogens became available somewhat ... More


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