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Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Amanda Killoran and Mike P. Kelly (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evidence-Based Public Health: Effectiveness and Efficiency continues the themes raised in Public Health Evidence: tackling health inequalities. Written by the same team, this book is a ... More


Role of social and behavioral research in assessing the utility of genetic information

Saskia C. Sanderson, Christopher H. Wade, and Colleen M. McBride

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes and critiques the state of the science with respect to understanding how genetic information has been, and how genomic information might, in the future, be used to improve ... More


A life course perspective on women’s health behaviours

Mary Schooling and Diana Kuh

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Adult behaviours such as smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, and exercise are sources of risk for many chronic diseases and the need to change unhealthy behaviours remains a key aspect of health ... More


Social inequality and public health

Salvatore J. Babones (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423207
eISBN:
9781447303398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423207.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Public health in the early 21st century increasingly considers how social inequalities impact on individual health, moving away from the focus on how disease relates to the individual person. This ... More


Modeling Determinants of Population Health

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents different models and pathways of health and introduces the concept of health determinants, which include genetic susceptibility, physical environment, personal lifestyles and ... More


Behaviour change

L. J. Cooke, M. J. Jarvis, and J. Wardle

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0049
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on three aspects of health behaviour vital to the reduction of coronary heart disease (CHD): smoking cessation, increased physical activity, and improved diet. The successes ... More


Fiscal policy and health related behaviours

Anne Ludbrook

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the evidence concerning the impact that fiscal policy has on health behaviour and the relative effectiveness of fiscal policy and other interventions. The evidence will be set ... More


Evaluating environmental interventions through natural experiments

Melvyn Hillsdon

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Natural experiments occur when policy or the forces of nature conspire to produce environments where variations in exposure to health-promoting or health-damaging environments are ‘naturally’ ... More


Inequalities in the health behaviour of children and youth: policy and practice

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on three significant areas where health behaviour is markedly unequal in children and youth: diet and nutrition, substance abuse, sexual health, together with education and ... More


Vulnerability, disadvantage, and sexual health

Roger Ingham and Debbie Smith

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter defines the important role of social context in influencing health behaviours and health. It focuses on the complex interplay between vulnerability, disadvantage, and sexual health among ... More


Health-related lifestyle

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores alternative interventions in people's health-related behaviour, for the purpose of making us choose a healthy diet, exercise more, and reduce the use of substances. It discusses ... More


Inequalities in health behaviours and the life trajectories of children and youth: research evidence

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the influence of youth culture on social class differences in health behaviours. The findings indicate that problematic risk behaviours such as smoking and hard drug misuse ... More


The role of time preference and perspective in socioeconomic inequalities in health-related behaviours

Jean Adams

in Social inequality and public health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423207
eISBN:
9781447303398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423207.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter shows how social inequalities affect the way people think about the future, and through this affect their decisions to engage in health-destroying behaviours like smoking or avoiding ... More


Putting Asthma into Context: Community Influences on Risk, Behavior, and Intervention

Rosalind J. Wright and Edwin B. Fisher

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the contextual factors related to the occurrence and risk of asthma, health behaviors, access to health care, and the design of effective interventions to reduce the burden of ... More


Early life: policy and practice

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the health behaviours outlined in the previous chapter from research evidence which suggested the key targets for intervention to be: smoking cessation, nutrition and ... More


Life course development of unequal health

Chris Power and Diana Kuh

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the questions: Do exposures earlier in life influence the development of inequalities in adult health outcomes? How much of the adult socio-economic gradient is explained by ... More


How can behaviour be changed?

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the reasons why people pursue unhealthy behaviours. It then presents a model for behaviour change that pharmacists can use in their daily practice and provides an introduction ... More


Challenging health inequalities: From Acheson to choosing health

Elizabeth Dowler and Nick J. Spencer (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348999
eISBN:
9781447301646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348999.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book offers a unique multi-disciplinary perspective on tackling health inequalities in a rich country, examining the New Labour policy agenda for tackling health inequalities and its inherent ... More


Public health and epidemiology

Lester Breslow and Roger Detels

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role on epidemiology in public health. It focuses on four major public health areas — smallpox, kuru, injuries, and health behaviours — in which the contributions of ... More


Healthy and Accessible Communities

Lisa I. Iezzoni and Bonnie L. O'Day

in More than Ramps: A Guide to Improving Health Care Quality and Access for People with Disabilities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172768
eISBN:
9780199865710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172768.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The community environments within which people live have enormous consequences for their health. This chapter reaches beyond health care settings into communities to explore briefly those attributes ... More


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