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Exo-Skeletal Explanations—A Recap

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a review of the conclusions drawn in Volume I of this three-volume series. It contrasts the endo-skeletal approach with the approach referred to as exo-skeletal or ... More


Forward Oh!: Some Concluding Notes

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter concludes the study with a discussion of some open issues and possible future research agendas, focusing largely on some unresolved properties of listemes. It argues that while ... More


Nuts and Bolts

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the architecture of grammar. It shows that functional structures are headed by categorically labelled open values which must be assigned range by the ... More


Things that Count: Null # and Others

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter examines the definite article in English, analysing it as a range assigner not only to d, the node that heads DP, but also to #, the node that heads #P (Quantity Phrase, aka Number ... More


One is the Loneliest Number

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates the properties of the Modern Hebrew (henceforth Hebrew) singular in its different indefinite and definite instantiations. It is here that much of this variation is best ... More


Feature geometry and predictions of locality

Ivan A. Sag

in Features: Perspectives on a Key Notion in Linguistics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577743
eISBN:
9780191722844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577743.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues that grammar is a set of local constraints. The Sign‐Based Construction Grammar architecture is feature‐based and model‐theoretic, utilizing constructs (mother–daughter ... More


Greenbergian Word Order Correlations and the Principle of Head Proximity

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The Principle of Head Proximity is an interpretation of the word order facts in which languages are classified as V-1 (V-initial), SVO, or SOV. There is a general tendency across languages to avoid ... More


The Principle of Scope

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

According to the Principle of Scope, the semantic distance of grammatical and lexical modifiers relative to the head in the underlying structure is iconically reflected in the actual linguistic ... More


Qualifying Modifiers in the Noun Phrase

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses elements that relate to the notion quality in that they specify inherent features of the referent. Cross-linguistically, there are two categories that pertain to such features ... More


Combine

Edwin Williams

in The Theta System: Argument Structure at the Interface

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602513
eISBN:
9780191739200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602513.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Head Raising and Affix Hopping are combined into one parameterized operation, Combine, which subsumes Merge as well, and the boundary between syntax and morphosyntax is dissolved. Mirroring of ... More


Human Bodies and Human Minds: What is Visible and What is Invisible

Anna Wierzbicka

in Imprisoned in English: The Hazards of English as a Default Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199321490
eISBN:
9780199369263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199321490.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, English Language

This chapter builds on Sapir’s insight that “vocabulary is a very sensitive index of the culture of a people.” It argues that the meanings of words reflect the speakers’ ways of thinking and can only ... More


Specifiers and Phrase Structure

Terje Lohndal

in Phrase Structure and Argument Structure: A Case Study of the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199677115
eISBN:
9780191756351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677115.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Specifiers have occupied a central role in the history of generative grammar. The goal of the present chapter is to argue that specifiers qua specifiers do not play a role as the target of various ... More


Conclusions

Anders Holmberg

in The Syntax of Yes and No

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198701859
eISBN:
9780191771590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701859.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

There is a polarity feature/head in the IP of every sentence, mostly abstract in declaratives, typically overt in yes–no questions, where it is always unvalued, receiving a value in the answer, ... More


Linear and layered dependency

P. H. Matthews

in The Positions of Adjectives in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199681594
eISBN:
9780191760792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681594.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Do dependents in the noun phrase form a layered structure, in which all constituents are binary? Arguments have been offered for this analysis, which on closer inspection often take their conclusion ... More


On accelerating and decelerating movement: From Minimalist preference principles to harmonic serialism

Fabian Heck and Gereon Müller

in Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198757115
eISBN:
9780191817021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757115.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Derivations in the Minimalist Program frequently encounter competition between elementary operations. A way to resolve this is to assume preference principles, the most prominent being “Merge before ... More


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